Dog Breeds > Pinscher



Alternate NamesMedium Pinscher, Miniature Pinscher
GroupPinschers, Schnauzers, Molossers, Swiss Mountain Dogs
SectionPinscher Type and Schnauzer

Pinscher Profile

Robust (Health)
Supports Loneliness
Need Exercise
Easy To Maintain
Easy to Train
Nice Child
Agreement with Animals
First Dog
Able to Guard

Physical Characteristics

Breeds : a) Medium Pinscher (Size from 45 to 50 cm, weight between 14 and 20 kg); b) Miniature Pinscher (size from 25 to 30 cm, weight between 3 and 6 kg).

This article includes two breeds of the Pinscher, differentiated by their size. Both present the same color variety. They are well-proportioned, neat, and harmonious dogs. The medium Pinscher resembles a mini-Dobermann. The Miniature Pinscher should never present signs of dwarfism (such as protruding eyes, raised occiput and so on). The trunk must be as square as possible. The head is robust and elongated, with a straight chamfer and a slight but perceptible stop. The eyes are dark, medium sized, and oval. The ears, when whole, are set high, can fall into a  folded “V” or be naturally erect. If they are cut, they are carried upright. Some Zwergpinscher (Miniature Pinschers) have uncut but erected ears. The paws are perfectly straight. The tail is inserted high and raised: it is cut to the height of the third vertebra, except in countries where the cut is forbidden.

Fur: very short for both breeds. The Pinscher does not have an undercoat, and, therefore, no coat change (hair loss).

Color: two varieties for both breeds: solid red, stag red, blue stag red, chocolate stag red, and fawn stag red; and Black with tan points or rust points.

Size: 25 to 50 cm.

Weight: 3 to 20 kg.

Origins and History

The Pinscher type dogs originated during the prehistoric era, as evidenced by archaeological traces dating back to the Neolithic era. The history of the miniature Pinscher is much more recent: it was created in Germany during the second half of the 19th century. The standards were written in Germany in 1895, and the first Pinscher Klub was created the same year. Both the Medium and the Miniature Pinscher come from the Dobermann.

Character and Abilities

These are dogs with great character. The Medium breed can be trusted with guard dog responsibilities, while the Zwerg, for the obvious reason of its size, can only be a pet dog. However, the “small” version is as sparkling as the medium: it can’t be quiet for a moment, is afraid of nothing, and barks with the “ferocity” of a big dog if it thinks there is a danger. It loves to play with children and adults. It’s a really funny loose wisp, but it is also able to understand when to be quiet and not to disturb the family peace. Indeed, the Miniature Pinscher is very easy to train and loves its owner. The Pinscher gets along very well with other animals, and if trained it will be very good with children. The Medium Pinscher is basically a small Dobermann, and it therefore shares its character: it is very sweet with the family, very sensitive, and very suspicious of strangers. The medium breed is much less widespread than the miniature one, but it deserves to be rediscovered because it has great temperamental qualities. In order to train it, it is necessary to practice the famous “iron hand in a velvet glove” technique, or the dog will be quite stubborn (like all very dominant dogs). With a personality like the Dobermann’s, the Pinscher is a peaceful and stable dog who also makes a good pet.

Living Conditions

The Miniature Pinscher must live indoors, and the Medium Pinscher can live in the garden.


It is a very robust breed that only slightly fears cold and humidity.

Average life expectancy: about 14 years.

Information and Tips

It does not really like other dogs, but if raised with other puppies it can lead to a strong friendship… and also a strong “barking association”!

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