Cursinu

Other names: Corsican Dog

Cursinu

The Cursinu was first bred in Corsica during the 16th century. A versatile and athletic working dog, the Cursinu is an effective guard dog, watchdog, and hunting companion. The Cursinu is highly active when on the job, but turns docile once the working day is over. They become very attached to their owner but can be a little wary around strangers.

Key facts about the Cursinu

Life expectancy :

7

19

12

14

Temperament :

Intelligent Hunter

Size :

Origins and history

Also known as the Corsican dog, the Cursinu has been around since the 16th century. Although little is known about his origin, he's thought to have developed from various spitz breeds like the German Spitz and Elkhound. The breed almost went extinct during the late 20th century. Experts linked his decline to growing industrialisation and the introduction of more continental working dogs into Corsica. Troubled by the fall in the numbers, a group of dog lovers formed The Association for the Protection of the Corsican Dog. Not only did they halt the decline, but they've also contributed to his recent resurgence. He's still used as a sheepdog, guard dog, and hunting companion. The Cursinu is rarely kept as a household pet. 

FCI breed nomenclature

FCI Group

Group 5 - Spitz and primitive types

Section

Section 7 : Primitive type - Hunting Dogs

Physical characteristics of the Cursinu

Adult size

Female : Between 18 and 22 in

Male : Between 18 and 23 in

Weight

Female : Between 55 and 62 lb

Male : Between 55 and 62 lb

Coat colour

Black
Sand

Type of coat

Short
Long

Eye colour

Brown

Description

The Cursinu is a robust dog, with a lean and athletic frame and long, sturdy legs. He usually has a distinct black and tan speckled coat. His skull is flat, his eyes oval, and his ears triangular, drooping or semi-drooping. He has a relaxed and gentle expression. 

Good to know

The Cursinu is very rare outside of Corsica. He’s a real working dog, who may struggle with domestic life. 

Temperament

  • 66%

    Affectionate

    The Cursinu is very affectionate toward his owners but tends to keep a distance from people he doesn’t know very well. He can come across as a bit aloof.

  • 66%

    Playful

    This dog doesn’t know the difference between work and play, so games and playtime need to be stimulating and challenging. But once he’s done what he needs to do, he prefers to relax.

  • 66%

    Calm

    When he’s working or playing, this dog is extremely high-energy. But when he’s not, he turns into a quiet and docile animal.

  • 100%

    Intelligent

    The Cursinu is a highly intelligent working dog. His versatility means he can follow a wide range of complex obedience commands. Experienced dog handlers will really enjoy training this smart dog. 

  • 100%

    Hunter

    A natural hunter, the Cursinu was bred to track wild boar and small game, and can adapt to the most difficult of terrains. In fact, the Cursinu is still used as a working dog. 

  • 66%

    Fearful / wary of strangers

    He does become quite shy around people he doesn’t know. He will tend to keep his distance until he feels comfortable enough to come and say hello. This generally makes him a good guardian.

  • 66%

    Independent

    This primitive dog is quite independent, but still very attached to his master and members of his social group.

    Behaviour of the Cursinu

    • 66%

      Tolerates solitude

      This dog can bear being alone if accustomed from a young age, but by no means should he be isolated for days.

    • 33%

      Easy to train / obedience

      This dog can be distracted, so would benefit from a positive education and building a trusting relationship with his owner.

    • 66%

      Barking

      When hunting, the Cursinu utters a sharp and short bark, but never without reason.

    • 100%

      Tendency to run away

      His hunting instinct and dynamic energy can quickly compel him to follow interesting tracks.

    • 66%