Dog Breeds > German Shepherd

German Shepherd

German Shepherd

Alternate NamesAlsatian Shepherd, Deutscher Schäferhund, German Shepherd Dog
GroupShepherd and Cattle Dog
SectionShepherd Dog

German Shepherd Profile

Robust (Health)
Supports Loneliness
Need Exercise
Easy To Maintain
Easy to Train
Nice Child
Agreement with Animals
First Dog
Able to Guard

Physical Characteristics

The German Shepherd is a slightly-larger-than-average size dog. It is rather long, robust and well muscled. The paws are harmonious and oriented in such a way as to allow a strong posterior thrust and a great extension from the anterior ones: the dog is built to be a pure runner. The head is proportionate to the body, lean, and slightly large in between the ears. It also has a powerful snout. The ears are of an average size, large at the base and worn erected. The eyes are slanted, slightly oblique, and must be as dark as possible. The tail should, at least, reach the hock.

Fur: short, hard, compact, straight and well implanted, with a rich undercoat. Long-haired dogs are not accepted by the standards and cannot participate in exhibitions.

Color: black and gray, unicolor with regular tan marks. White isn’t acceptable.

Size: 60 to 65 cm for the males and 55 to 60 cm for the females.

Weight: 30 to 40 kg for the males and 22 to 32 kg for the females.

Origins and History

As the Industrial Era was booming by the end of the 19th century, sheep herding was reaching an end. So, a group of dog lovers decided to preserve the precious genetic heritage of the shepherd breeds: the group created a dog full of the qualities that would result in a beautiful, docile, eclectic, robust, and easy to train and maintain pup. By the inter-breeding of a Württemberg Shepherd and Thuringia Shepherd, the group created a new race that, thanks to the dog lover intuitions of Colonel Von Stephanitz, quickly became one of the most loved and widespread breeds in the world. It was officially recognized in 1898.

Character and Abilities

The German Shepherd’s character is almost as responsible for its fame as its beauty; it is a joyful dog that loves to play, is easy to train, and is always eager to please its owner. It is suitable for almost everyone, even children (if they respect the dog). It can have any function from pet dog to guard or defense dog, to rescue dog. It is also used as a guide dog and represents probably the highest form of intelligence and docility of all the dogs.

Living Conditions

The German Shepherd can stay outdoors in all seasons, but it prefers to live indoors as it needs the human contact. Some can live in an apartment if they are taken out very often and given a human presence. It also always needs to exercise.


If correctly bred, it is a very rustic and robust dog. A lot of people think that this breed is more likely to have hip dysplasia than other breeds, but, in reality, this genetic malformation can affect any medium-to-large size dog. German Shepherd related clubs were the first ones to ward off the condition, which led to an unfortunate amalgam linking the breed to the condition, but also allowed for the problem to be monitored. Today, the best breeding farms only use dogs that aren’t affected by the disease.

Average life expectancy: about 13 years.

Information and Tips

Although every breeder dreams of getting a “good and beautiful” dog, there are bloodlines that clearly distinguish themselves regarding beauty and work.

German Shepherd Articles

Frightened Dogs Would Not Stop Hugging, but One Picture Changed Their Lives for the...

When life gets rough, it’s good to have a friend by your side.For German Shepherd best friends Adonis and Apollo, sticking together meant everything. All they have is each other. These dogs grew up...

Dog’s Unexpected Reaction to Own Fart Will Have You Rolling on the Floor!

It’s that time of the day again - the pièce de résistance to your internet browsing… BEHOLD: a seven-month-old German Shepard named Lucy looking confused by one of her own farts.I know what you’re...

These Dog “Wedding” Photos Will Make Your Day

Meet Kaya, the smiley White Shepherd, and her buddy Hades, the black sable German Shepherd. They just became an Internet sensation after Gallowboob posted their “wedding” photos on reddit.Though both of them are two...

Police Dog Got Fired for Being Too Friendly. He Has a Much Better Job...

Meet Gavel, the German Shepherd who was fired from a job as a police dog for… being too friendly!Instead of sniffing for explosives and catching thieves, the pooch was more interested in getting a...

Diagnosed With Dwarfish, Dog Defies All Expectations

Michaelangelo Augustine, nicknamed “Mikey Gus” is just like any other German Shepherd. Just like any other dog, he loves to play, explore, and cuddle.He lives in Indiana with two other dogs, Temperance and Spartacus,...

This German Shepherd Had So Much Fun He’s Too Tired to Get out of...

The life of an energetic pup looks exhausting. We see them play, chase each other and run around all day - and sometimes it seems like they’ll never get tired!Eventually, though, they play until...

Dog Steps on Rubber Chicken, but Just Watch His Unusual Response!

This dog has quite the musical ear! Watch as the talented pup checks his pitch against a rubber chicken. I’ve never seen anything like it!

German Shepherd Pictures

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