Dog Breeds > French Bulldog

French Bulldog

French Bulldog

Alternate Names
GroupPet/Companion Dog
SectionSmall Molossoid

French Bulldog Profile

Robust (Health)
Supports Loneliness
Need Exercise
Easy To Maintain
Easy to Train
Nice Child
Agreement with Animals
First Dog
Able to Guard

Physical Characteristics

Variety: a) brindle and b) white and brindled

The French Bulldog is a small, sweet and very friendly molosser. Its small size is perfect for people who love bulldogs but do not have the space to accommodate a big one. Despite its small size, the French Bulldog has a strong, muscular and short body, with a large skeleton. Its head is strong, large and squared: the skin forms wrinkles and folds almost symmetrically. The skull is wide, almost flat and it has a bulging forehead. The top is very pronounced and the snout is short and wide, with a short and flat nose. The eyes are wide, round and dark, while the ears are set high and carried erectly. Its paws must be well-plumbed: the hindquarters are slightly longer than the front so that the rump is somewhat raised. The tail is short, set low, naturally bent or amputated, and pointed at the tip.

Fur: Short.

Color: Depending on the breed, the French Bulldog’s fur is beige – brindled or not – or white and brindled. The brindled variety is beige with a dark highlight that lends the dog a brindle aspect. The beige coat can be any shade (from red to white coffee). Uncommonly for dogs, the red isn’t preferred over other shades.

Size: 30 to 35 cm.

Weight: 8 to 14 kg.

Origins and History

The French Bulldog‘s history is rather mysterious. The French say that it is an indigenous dog, but the English maintain that it descends from the Bulldog. It is likely that there was indeed an influence from the Bulldog but, undoubtedly, the selection and fixation of the breed occurred in France.

The French Bulldog is a popular dog in France (8th in 2013).

It is exclusively a companion dog. Despite carrying the appearance of a tiny “ferocious mastiff,” its character is very cheerful. This dog is full of joie de vivre – it is always ready to play and has a very sweet nature. It loves children and will be a tireless companion, but it is also suitable for the elderly as it does not need a lot of exercise. When older, the French Bulldog still loves playing and “clowning” around, but it can also turn into a quiet, reserved and peaceful dog. It loves its owner and needs to stay with him or her as much as possible. On occasion, it can be a vigilant guardian.


The female French Bulldog is prone to obstructed delivery (delivery problems) because of the relatively small hips of females, and because the puppies have broad heads.

It is difficult for them to give birth naturally: often a C-section is needed, but this usually causes no complications because females are very robust.

Living Conditions

Always and only indoor. The French Bulldog is a perfect apartment dog because of its short hair and very little slobber. It doesn’t bark too much and it can adapt to any circumstances (frantic games or absolute peace) with great intelligence and intuition. It is very sensitive to the moods of its owner.


Like all dogs with a short snout, it can have breathing problems. The French Bulldog easily suffers from heat, and it is important not to leave it in the sun for too long (especially in a car) as it could start to feel ill. Its eyes must be kept clean at all times.  

Average life expectancy: about 12 years

Life expectancy:

The French Bulldog is a robust dog with good longevity. According to studies, its average life expectancy is about 9 years, with a maximum of 14.7 years.


Despite the robustness of the French Bulldog, it has a few weaknesses. It is especially prone cardiac and respiratory issues.

Heart diseases:

Young French Bulldogs often have a predisposition to certain congenital heart defects (pulmonary stenosis).

Neurological diseases:

The French Bulldog is subject to various conditions effecting the spine, such as:

  • Spina bifida: a malformation most often located in the last thoracic vertebrae in this breed.
  • Disc herniation: they can be at different levels of the spine and cause pain, lameness, and even paralysis. A neurology consult and additional examinations (CT, MRI, …) are necessary for an accurate diagnosis. The most serious cases need surgical treatment. If treated early enough, prognosis is favorable.

Ophthalmological diseases:

For the French Bulldog, entropion (inward rolling of the edge of the eyelid) is not unusual, and this is often hereditary. It usually affects both the upper and lower eyelids. The most common forms are easily corrected by minor surgery.

Respiratory diseases:

As with all “flat nose” dogs, the French Bulldog is predisposed to the brachycephalic upper airways syndrome. It is a complex airways’ malformation, often associated with gastrointestinal lesions. The most advanced forms require surgical correction. Modern techniques (laser) have yielded great results.

The medical content of this page was written with the kind collaboration of CHV frégis. More information on the health of the French Bulldog can be found on the site CHV frégis.

Information and Tips

What we have said about the French Bulldog’s health should not lead you to think that it is an extremely delicate dog: you simply need to pay attention to its “Achilles’ heels” and it will live a long and happy life.

The price of a French Bulldog varies depending on its origin. Plan between €1000 and €1500 for an LOF registered bulldog. The highest ranking breeds can be sold for up to €2500.

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