Cross breed dogs have caused controversy all over the world throughout time. This specific form of breeding has its very own advantages and disadvantages.
The practice of cross-breeding is still not fully accepted by dog owners around the world. On one side, purebreds’ breeders believe that cross breeds are very impure, or an experiment went wrong. On the other side, defenders of cross breed dogs think that crossbreeding adds more vigor and genetic strength to breeds. It is possible to remain impartial about this topic, but it is worth asking which side is right. Nevertheless, the purpose of this article is to inform you about the advantages and disadvantages of cross-breeding.
What are cross breed dogs?
Cross breed dogs are pets that have purebreed parents but of different breeds. Since a breeder has the capacity of choosing which breeds to cross, this practice is sometimes called ‘designer crossbreeding’. The main purpose of this method is to create cross breed puppies that share the traits of both purebred parents. Most breeders use crossbreeding to strengthen offspring. It is a great way to improve the health and viability of puppies.
However, there are serious concerns about this practice as it can result in terrible consequences. If done incorrectly, for example by crossbreeding two purebreeds that are incompatible, it can produce a dog of an inferior quality. In the worst case scenario, it can lead to a weakening of the purebreed gene pool up to the point of extinction of that breed.
Sometimes people confuse cross breed dogs with mixed breed dogs. This is a common mistake that should not be done. Cross breed is a result of two different purebreeds while a mixed breed is the product of two non-purebreds. Also, there is a specific type of crossbreeding called ‘outcrossing’ which is done within a purebreed breed to increase its genetic diversity.
Advantages of cross breed dogs
There are many positive aspects of cross-breeding:
- A large variety of designs: there is a large number of varieties of designer dogs to pick from. As long as the two purebreeds that you want to cross are in fact compatible, you can get the dog of your dreams.
- Hybrid vigor: this means that cross breed dogs are less likely to inherit any genetic disease that is common in the breeding of purebreeds. This adds extra-strength to the cross breed puppies.
- Unique looks: some people do prefer a dog that doesn’t look like any other. Crossbreeding can make this possible. It is a fact that when you combine two different purebreeds, it is a literal coin toss as to how the puppy will end up like. The result is always very interesting and unique.
- Great pets: cross breed dogs can adopt the personality of their parents (or not). Nevertheless, they can learn discipline just as fast as any purebreed dog. Likewise, they are no strangers to socialisation!
- Foundation for a future purebred: vets have proven that most of today’s purebred’s dogs were the result of crossbreeding in the past. This selective breeding has produced consistent characteristics throughout the years that can be seen today. Therefore, some modern cross breed dogs could potentially evolve to become a purebreed of the future.
Disadvantages of cross breed dogs
Most purebred breeders are against crossbreeding because they feel that, in the long run, these dogs will pose a danger to dog breeding in general. With the aim of being as impartial as possible, here you have a list of disadvantages of cross breed dogs:
- Genetic entanglement: cross breed supporters claim that when you breed two different purebreed dogs, you produce a healthier and stronger hybrid dog. This can eliminate many health problems that purebred dogs have. However, there is no scientific data to back this up. Since this method forces a union between different purebreeds, the genetic structure created can be optimal or a disaster. It is a real-life Russian roulette.
- Personality disorders: if you choose to crossbreed two purebreed dogs that are wonderful and calm, it doesn’t mean that cross breed puppies will be the same. There is no guarantee that a cross breed dog is going to have the same personality traits as his/her parents.
- Expensive breeding: a hybrid dog can be very expensive in comparison to purebreed dogs. You can easily find cross breed dogs that cost as much as £1,100 but some purebreds can cost as little as £180 (prices change according to the country and the breed). Therefore, the cost is a limitation to many people in pursuit of a cross breed dog.
- Difficulty to predict size: size can be a difficult aspect to predict when crossbreeding purebreeds. If both purebreeds are similar in size, then you can expect cross breed puppies of similar size. But when crossbreeding purebreeds of different sizes, nothing is for sure.
- High-risk deliveries: breeding purebreeds of different sizes can lead to difficult deliveries. Some puppies might be too big for the mother to push, and it can lead to an emergency C-section (among other complication).
It is up to you to decide if the disadvantages outweigh the advantages. It is very difficult to say, but consider the pros and cons of cross breed dogs before making your final choice. This type of dog is just like any other when it comes to being a wonderful pet!