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How to get rid of hemorrhoids in dogs

Brown dog on a couch advice

Dogs need to see a vet to determine if they have haemorrhoids.

© Shutterstock

Hemorrhoids in dogs are actually pretty rare. So does your dog really have it? Or do they have another condition?

By Dr. Stephanie Holmes BVetMed BSAVA PGCertSAECC MRCVS

Published on the 11/08/2020, 15:08

A haemorrhoid is a swollen blood vessel inside the rectum that can, through straining, protrude from the anus causing discomfort and irritation. They are common in humans, but are actually very rarely seen in dogs.

Can dogs get hemorrhoids?

While it is possible for a dog to get haemorrhoids, it is very unusual. This is because of the difference in the way dogs and humans stand. Due to standing on two legs there is a lot of pressure on the lower part of the rectum and anus for a human, thus making haemorrhoids more common.

How do you get rid of hemorrhoids in a dog? 

Fist of all a vet will need to diagnose the actual problem. Other conditions of the rectum and anus are more common, so these will need to be ruled out before a diagnosis and therefore treatment of haemorrhoids can be prescribed.

Talk to a vet online. Visit myfamilyvets.co.uk

How do I treat my dog's hemorrhoids? 

Given time, haemorrhoids may go away on their own. The main thing to do is avoid your dog becoming constipated and therefore straining. Plenty of water and increased fibre in the diet will help. Any other medications must be used under the direction of a veterinary surgeon. These medications may include anti-inflammatories. Occasionally an operation may be needed to surgically remove the haemorrhoids, but this is rare.

How can I treat my dog's hemorrhoids at home?

Any specific treatment should be prescribed by and used under the direction of a veterinary surgeon. A high-fibre diet may also help in preventing ongoing problems.

What are prolapsed hemorrhoids in dogs?

Prolapsed haemorrhoids is the term for the swollen blood vessels in the rectum that have been pushed out of the anus. This occurs due to your dog being uncomfortable and straining excessively.

How long does it take for dog hemorrhoids to heal?

There is really no set duration of time for haemorrhoids to heal. First of all you need to be certain that the condition is haemorrhoids and that you have the correct treatment. Simple haemorrhoids may clear up in a matter of days, others week. Some may not clear up at all and may need surgery.

Talk to a vet online. Visit myfamilyvets.co.uk

Can you give a dog Preparation H?

Preparation H (which is a make of treatment for hemorrhoids) is not at all recommended to be used on your dog unless specifically prescribed by a vet. Always check with a vet first.

What can I put on my dog's sore bottom?

It’s generally best not to put anything on your dog's bottom until you’ve seen a vet, and had a diagnosis and treatment plan made. Anything you put on could mask the symptoms or potentially irritate your dog, causing him to self harm and make the problem worse.

Can I put Vaseline on my dog's bottom?

Vaseline is not toxic to dogs, so it's OK to put it on your dog's bottom – but always wear a glove. Just be aware that it may clog your dog's pores and cause them to lick the area more, which could cause more problems. It’s generally recommended to seek veterinary advice before applying anything to your dog. The main reason you may want to use Vaseline is to make going to the toilet easier. Increasing your dog's fluid intake and giving them a higher-fibre diet should be enough to fix the need for anything else.

Talk to a vet online. Visit myfamilyvets.co.uk

Other problems mistaken for hemorrhoids in dogs

Haemorrhoids actually aren’t very common in dogs and there are a few conditions that can be confused with them. Anal gland problems, including burst abscesses, are more common and could be mistaken for haemorrhoids. The last part of the bowl may, through straining, be pushed out of the anus. This is often seen as a red lump and may be mistaken for haemorrhoids. This “prolapse”, as it is called, needs urgent veterinary attention. Various growths may also look similar to haemorrhoids. These include polyps, benign (non-spreading) tumours and malignant cancers. Some breeds are also prone to a condition called anal furunculosis, which affects the area around the anus (the bottom's hole) causing inflammation and ulceration.

When should I see a vet?

If you notice any swelling, redness or bulging at or around your dog's bottom, or if your dog is rubbing or paying a lot of attention to his bottom,  it is always best to book him in for a  check-up with a vet. Other signs to watch for would be constipation, straining and blood in the faeces (poop).