Finnish Hound

Other names: Suomenajokoira, Finnish Bracke

Finnish Hound

The Finnish Hound is one of the country’s native breeds and until recently, probably the most popular. Nevertheless, this dog is a brilliant hunter often used to track down hares and foxes. Their popularity has fallen as they are certainly not show or companion dogs, but the best choice if you are looking for a hunting canine. 

Key facts about the Finnish Hound

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Temperament :


Size :

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Origins and history

During the 1800’s a breeding programme was scheduled which involved Swedish, German and French hounds. The idea was to produce a hound dog that could work in both deep snow and over hilly terrain. The resulting dog, the Finnish Hound, has certainly become one of the most popular dog breeds in Finland. Although it’s quite common in Sweden and Finland, it is very rare to find one of these dogs elsewhere. 

FCI breed nomenclature

FCI Group

Group 6 - Scent hounds and related breeds


Section 1 : Scent hounds

Physical characteristics of the Finnish Hound

  • Finnish Hound
    Finnish Hound
  • Finnish Hound
    Finnish Hound

    Adult size

    Female : Between 20 and 23 in

    Male : Between 22 and 24 in


    Female : Between 55 and 62 lb

    Male : Between 55 and 62 lb

    Coat colour

    Type of coat

    Eye colour



    The Finnish Hound is an athletic dog, who shows lots of stamina. He is well-muscled and robustly built. His body is a rectangular shape and the head is slightly domed. One of this dog’s most noticeable features is his upper lip, which curves into an “n” shape. The dog’s eyes have a tranquil look and his ears are flat and wide, but not very long. He carries his tail low as it tapers to a point. 

    Good to know

    As this breed is known to have quite an independent and stubborn streak, early socialisation and training when the pups are at a very young age is advised. Firm and consistent routines are needed. 


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      Although not often kept as pets in the home environment, the Finnish Hound will be friendly and calm, and at times affectionate.

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      This hound gets along well with children and is an energetic and playful dog.

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      The Finnish Hound can be calm and friendly, especially when not in hunting mode.

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      Certainly an intelligent dog who lives to hunt when given the opportunity.

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      The Finnish Hound is a scent hound, who hunts various species of prey like hare and fox. He is always eager to hunt, even in difficult circumstances. 

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      Fearful / wary of strangers

      Providing this hound receives adequate attention, he will be friendly with strangers

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      As this breed was initially developed as a solo hunting dog, rather than as pack hunters, they can often become quite independent and stubborn.

      Behaviour of the Finnish Hound

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        Tolerates solitude

        As a dog who works closely with his master when hunting, he can suffer from extreme separation anxiety when left alone for long periods of time.

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        Easy to train / obedience

        When it comes to scenting and hunting routines, this dog needs little or no training. However, the same cannot be said for other circumstances. The Finnish Hound can find obedience to be quite challenging and will often tire of his training and become quite stubborn.

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        As a scent hound, he uses barking as one part of his hunting skills.

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        Tendency to run away

        The Finnish Hound has a great hunting instinct and will have the inclination to follow his nose, and prey, given the opportunity.

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        This dog needs plenty of daily exercise and mental stimulation to prevent him becoming bored and destructive. 

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        Greedy / Gluttony

        As a medium sized hunting and working dog, he needs a high quality feed. Otherwise, he will always be on the lookout for any other snack.

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        Guard dog

        While they will bark at any new visitor, the Finnish Hound does not display suspicion or aggression so does not make an efficient watchdog. 

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        First dog

        As an enthusiastic hunting dog, the Finnish Hound is not usually recommended as a companion dog or first pet.

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          Finnish Hound in a flat

          This energetic dog is not the ideal choice to live in a flat or small home. They are active indoors and will also need a good-sized, secure, outside space in which to exercise. 

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          Need for exercise / Sporty

          As the Finnish Hound has been developed as a working dog, he has lots of energy and a high need for exercise. In addition to daily walks and runs, he also needs mental stimulation to prevent him becoming bored and to keep his mind sharp.

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          Travelling / easy to transport

          This breed will travel in the rear of a vehicle without issue.


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            Finnish Hound and cats

            This dog will view any small animals as prey and this, coupled with his strong hunting instincts, does not make it the ideal breed to live with cats.

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            Finnish Hound and dogs

            This working dog will tolerate the company of other canines very well. In fact, several hunting dogs are often housed together. 

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            Finnish Hound and children

            The Finnish Hound is suitable as a children’s companion, being energetic, affectionate and playful towards them.

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            Finnish Hound and the elderly

            As this is a high energy dog who requires lots of daily exercise and lots of space to run around freely, he is not recommended as a companion pet for an elderly person. 



            The initial cost to purchase a Finnish Hound puppy is between £400 to £600. In addition, a monthly budget of between £80 to £100 will cover costs for feed, vet bills, and pet insurance


            The short, smooth-haired coat of the Finnish Hound is easy to maintain. Grooming is best done with a firm bristle brush to remove any loose hair. 


            The Finnish Hound is an average shedder.

            Nutrition of the Finnish Hound

            As a medium sized working dog, he needs to receive a diet of a high quality dog food, especially manufactured for dogs of his size and energy needs. 

            Health of the Finnish Hound

            Life expectancy

            Generally a hardy and healthy dog. Its average life expectancy is between 11 and 13 years.

            Strong / robust

            Without doubt, in the hunting environment, this dog is energetic and alert, with great endurance and stamina.

            Withstand heat

            The Finnish Hound does not cope very well in climates with higher temperatures. 

            Withstand cold

            His native Finland is a country of cooler climates, where the Finnish Hound has no issues living and working in cooler temperatures. 

            Tendency to put on weight

            As a very fit working breed, the Finnish Hound isn’t likely to gain excess weight when engaged in hunting routines. However, once he has retired from this sport and his lifestyle becomes more sedentary, he will be prone to becoming obese.

            Common illnesses

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