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Finnish Hound

Other names: Suomenajokoira, Finnish Bracke

Finnish Hound
Finnish Hound

The Finnish Hound is one of the country’s native breeds and until recently, probably the most popular. Nevertheless, this dog is a brilliant hunter often used to track down hares and foxes. Their popularity has fallen as they are certainly not show or companion dogs, but the best choice if you are looking for a hunting canine. 

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Key facts about the Finnish Hound

  • Life expectancy : Between 11 and 13 years
  • Temperament : Hunter
  • Size : Medium
  • Type of coat : Long
  • Price : Between £400 and £600

FCI Group

FCI Group

Group 6 - Scent hounds and related breeds

Section

Section 1 : Scent hounds

Physical characteristics of the Finnish Hound

Adult size

Female dog Between 20 and 23 in
Male dog Between 22 and 24 in

Weight

Female dog Between 55 and 62 lb
Male dog Between 55 and 62 lb

Coat colour

A tricolour coat of black, brown and white. Some white markings on the tip of the tail, feet, chest and head are allowed.

Type of coat

The Finnish Hound has a short, smooth coat.

Eye colour

Dark brown.

Description

The Finnish Hound is an athletic dog, who shows lots of stamina. He is well-muscled and robustly built. His body is a rectangular shape and the head is slightly domed. One of this dog’s most noticeable features is his upper lip, which curves into an “n” shape. The dog’s eyes have a tranquil look and his ears are flat and wide, but not very long. He carries his tail low as it tapers to a point. 

Temperament

Affectionate

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Although not often kept as pets in the home environment, the Finnish Hound will be friendly and calm, and at times affectionate.

Playful

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This hound gets along well with children and is an energetic and playful dog.

Calm

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The Finnish Hound can be calm and friendly, especially when not in hunting mode.

Intelligent

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Certainly an intelligent dog who lives to hunt when given the opportunity.

Hunter

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The Finnish Hound is a scent hound, who hunts various species of prey like hare and fox. He is always eager to hunt, even in difficult circumstances. 

Fearful / wary of strangers

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Providing this hound receives adequate attention, he will be friendly with strangers

Independent

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As this breed was initially developed as a solo hunting dog, rather than as pack hunters, they can often become quite independent and stubborn.

Behaviour of the Finnish Hound

Tolerates solitude

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As a dog who works closely with his master when hunting, he can suffer from extreme separation anxiety when left alone for long periods of time.

Easy to train / obedience

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When it comes to scenting and hunting routines, this dog needs little or no training. However, the same cannot be said for other circumstances. The Finnish Hound can find obedience to be quite challenging and will often tire of his training and become quite stubborn.

Barking

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As a scent hound, he uses barking as one part of his hunting skills.

Tendency to run away

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The Finnish Hound has a great hunting instinct and will have the inclination to follow his nose, and prey, given the opportunity.

Destructive

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This dog needs plenty of daily exercise and mental stimulation to prevent him becoming bored and destructive. 

Greedy / Gluttony

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As a medium sized hunting and working dog, he needs a high quality feed. Otherwise, he will always be on the lookout for any other snack.

Guard dog

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While they will bark at any new visitor, the Finnish Hound does not display suspicion or aggression so does not make an efficient watchdog. 

First dog

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As an enthusiastic hunting dog, the Finnish Hound is not usually recommended as a companion dog or first pet.

Lifestyle

Finnish Hound in a flat

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This energetic dog is not the ideal choice to live in a flat or small home. They are active indoors and will also need a good-sized, secure, outside space in which to exercise. 

Need for exercise / Sporty

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As the Finnish Hound has been developed as a working dog, he has lots of energy and a high need for exercise. In addition to daily walks and runs, he also needs mental stimulation to prevent him becoming bored and to keep his mind sharp.

Travelling / easy to transport

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This breed will travel in the rear of a vehicle without issue.

Compatibility

Finnish Hound and cats

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This dog will view any small animals as prey and this, coupled with his strong hunting instincts, does not make it the ideal breed to live with cats.

Finnish Hound and dogs

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This working dog will tolerate the company of other canines very well. In fact, several hunting dogs are often housed together. 

Finnish Hound and children

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The Finnish Hound is suitable as a children’s companion, being energetic, affectionate and playful towards them.

Finnish Hound and the elderly

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As this is a high energy dog who requires lots of daily exercise and lots of space to run around freely, he is not recommended as a companion pet for an elderly person. 

Price

The initial cost to purchase a Finnish Hound puppy is between £400 to £600. In addition, a monthly budget of between £80 to £100 will cover costs for feed, vet bills, and pet insurance

Grooming

The short, smooth-haired coat of the Finnish Hound is easy to maintain. Grooming is best done with a firm bristle brush to remove any loose hair. 

Shedding

The Finnish Hound is an average shedder.

Nutrition of the Finnish Hound

As a medium sized working dog, he needs to receive a diet of a high quality dog food, especially manufactured for dogs of his size and energy needs. 

Health of the Finnish Hound

Life expectancy

Generally a hardy and healthy dog. Its average life expectancy is between 11 and 13 years.

Strong / robust

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Without doubt, in the hunting environment, this dog is energetic and alert, with great endurance and stamina.

Withstand heat

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The Finnish Hound does not cope very well in climates with higher temperatures. 

Withstand cold

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His native Finland is a country of cooler climates, where the Finnish Hound has no issues living and working in cooler temperatures. 

Tendency to put on weight

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As a very fit working breed, the Finnish Hound isn’t likely to gain excess weight when engaged in hunting routines. However, once he has retired from this sport and his lifestyle becomes more sedentary, he will be prone to becoming obese.

Common illnesses

Good to know

As this breed is known to have quite an independent and stubborn streak, early socialisation and training when the pups are at a very young age is advised. Firm and consistent routines are needed. 

Origins and history

During the 1800’s a breeding programme was scheduled which involved Swedish, German and French hounds. The idea was to produce a hound dog that could work in both deep snow and over hilly terrain. The resulting dog, the Finnish Hound, has certainly become one of the most popular dog breeds in Finland. Although it’s quite common in Sweden and Finland, it is very rare to find one of these dogs elsewhere. 

Names

Panu, Aku, Aiva, Koira

Find out more dog name ideas here

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