Spanish Hound

Other names: Sabueso Español, Perro de caza sabueso, Spanish Scenthound

Spanish Hound

The Sabueso Espanol is a scent hound dog, initially bred in the north of Spain. For hundreds of years, these dogs have been used to hunt and track game, such as chamois, roe deer, red deer, fox, wolf, brown bear, hare and wild boar. This working breed is often used by sportsmen hunting with firearms. 

Key facts about the Spanish Hound

Life expectancy :

7

19

12

14

Temperament :

Hunter

Size :

Origins and history

This dog is often called the Spanish Scenthound as he hails from the Iberian Peninsula, mainly from the north of the mainland. The breed was initially developed as a hunting dog, and this is still today its main purpose. The Sabueso Español has been around for centuries, so it’s difficult to ascertain the exact date of his first appearance. However, it is known that the breed was described in a book by King Alphonse XI in the late 14th century.

FCI breed nomenclature

FCI Group

Group 6 - Scent hounds and related breeds

Section

Section 1 : Scent hounds

Physical characteristics of the Spanish Hound

Adult size

Female : Between 19 and 21 in

Male : Between 20 and 22 in

Weight

Female : Between 53 and 55 lb

Male : Between 53 and 55 lb

Coat colour

Black
Red

Type of coat

Short

Eye colour

Brown

Description

The Sabueso Español is of medium build with a rectangular shaped body. This dog has long, silky ears, drooping lips and solemn eyes. As an athletic dog, he has powerful limbs. He has a domed skull with a prominent dewlap on his neck. The dog’s tail tapers to a brush of fur at the tip.

Good to know

In Spain, there are many Sabueso Español dogs that are abandoned, many with no chance of being adopted. This is generally due to the fact that not many people know that although they are a hunting breed, they also make excellent family pets. The Sabueso has a very amenable character, is calm and very affectionate. In some situations, this breed is also used as search and rescue dogs and in bomb detection situations. 

Temperament

  • 66%

    Affectionate

    It is not very often that the Sabueso Español is kept as a family pet. Despite this, this dog still has a very loyal and loving nature. He will be affectionate with the people he knows.

  • 66%

    Playful

    While the Sabueso Español will happily play with older children, he doesn’t tolerate smaller children too well. This is not really a playful dog, he prefers to work when given the opportunity.

  • 66%

    Calm

    This breed is very easy going and gentle, but brave and relentless when hunting. 

  • 66%

    Intelligent

    The Sabueso Español is always eager to please, a very intelligent dog.

  • 100%

    Hunter

    In the mountains of Northern Spain, the Sabueso Español is generally used for hunting wild boar. He is used to hunting either alone or in pairs.

  • 100%

    Fearful / wary of strangers

    Although this dog can be quite affectionate with his master and family, he will be wary of strangers.

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    Independent

    Certainly a very independent dog.

    Behaviour of the Spanish Hound

    • 66%

      Tolerates solitude

      Even though this dog is very independent, he will also devote himself to his master, and isn’t too happy when left alone for long periods of time.

    • 33%

      Easy to train / obedience

      It’s important to have strong leadership when training the Sabueso Español. He can be quite willful and needs consistent routines. You will need dedication and time to help your dog adapt to a lifestyle that may not be familiar to him. However, when training to hunt, little or no instruction is required. 

    • 100%

      Barking

      The Sabueso Español has a distinctive, booming, loud howl. When following his prey, the dog will alert his owner by using different tonalities, from loud, long howls, to shorter choppy barks when he finds his quarry. In Spain, this bark is known as “latido”.

    • 66%

      Tendency to run away

      As a hunting dog, if he gets the merest hint of prey, he will give chase and run off.

    • 66%