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Feeding your dog: top dog nutrition tips

Dalmatian dog eating kibbles advice
© Shutterstock

What’s the best thing you can do to encourage a happy, healthy, long life for your dog? Feed them a balanced, nutritious diet, of course! To help you get your pooch on track, here are our top 10 tips about dog nutrition.

By Alice Lang

Your dog’s health is completely reliant on the food you choose to give them - yep, it’s literally all in your hands. A balanced diet with plenty of nutrients will help keep your dog’s immune system and cell maintenance in check, improve their joint and digestive health and lower the risk of numerous diseases.

Truthfully, we could go on and on about the benefits of good dog nutrition - it’s the most powerful tool you have. So, let’s get going - check out these top dog nutrition tips:

Nutrition tip #1: Keep their weight in check

dog nutrition
It's important for your dog to maintain a healthy weight © Pixabay
 

“Too many dogs are over-fed, under-exercised and stressed. Over the past 20 years, the rise in obesity, diabetes, heart disease, cancer, inflammatory bowel disease and skin problems in our dogs has rocketed,” says Kate Bendix in The Dog Diet.

Overweight and obese dogs have an increased risk of a scarily long list of diseases, not to mention the decreased life-span they suffer. No matter how, when or what you choose to feed your pup, this tip is the most important - make sure they remain at a healthy weight. Our next tip will help with this one!

Nutrition Tip #2: Feed them the right amount

dog nutrition
Overfeeding can easily lead to weight gain © Pixabay
 

Normal dogs require around 2.5% of their ideal weight in food, every day. Make sure you base this calculation on their ideal weight (ask your vet!) rather than their current weight. If your dog is particularly active, you might need to go up to 3%, whereas sedentary dogs may only need 2%.

We’d recommend starting at 2%-3% depending on your dog’s activity levels and then adjust accordingly. Not many people get it right first time - every dog is different, after all. Eventually, you’ll find the soft spot which allows your dog to maintain a healthy, happy weight.

Nutrition Tip #3: Consider your dog’s age

Dog’s bodies change throughout their life, so dog nutrition will need to be adapted to suit your pup’s age.

Puppies need more food than adult dogs - aim for around 10% of their ideal body weight. Puppies need way more calories than adult dogs to support their growing bodies, so always opt for a puppy-specific food formula.

Senior dogs, unless they’re particularly active for their age, will probably need to switch to a lower calorie diet. Frankly, your old pooch will sleep and sit more, just like us humans in our old age - so lowering their calories will prevent weight gain.

You’ll also need to consider your senior dog’s individual needs. For example, arthritic dogs will benefit from foods with added glucosamine or chondroitin sulphate to aid joint function, whereas those who tend to get constipated will benefit from a high-fibre food formulation.

Nutrition Tip #4: Pick healthy treats

Dog nutrition
Your pup might love a slice of cheese, but vegetables would be a healthier treat  © Pixabay
 

Most dog owners don’t realise how many calories treats are adding to their pup’s otherwise healthy diet. We know it’s tempting to treat your lovely pet to treats throughout the day - but if you’re going to do so, at least make them something nutritious.

When you finish your next pack of store-bought dog treats, don’t get another. Instead, pick fruits and veggies like broccoli, carrots, slices of banana or apple, or berries. They’re low in calories, provide a good level of dog nutrition and still make your pooch happy - after all, a treat is a treat!

Nutrition Tip #5: Choose high-quality food

There’s an overwhelming amount of dog food brands on the market, making it hard to know which to pick. The quality of ingredients in the food you pick for your dog will make a huge difference to their long-term health, fitness and wellbeing.

Always check the ingredients list on dog food. Look out for good quality meats. Avoid non-specific ingredients such as ‘meat meal’ - they’re most likely a low-quality by-product. Ideally, named meats should take the top 3 spots of the ingredients list.

Cereals and fillers are best avoided. On top of meats, you should be looking for named fats (for example, ‘chicken fat’ rather than ‘animal fat’), whole fruits and vegetables and vitamins.

Nutrition Tip #6: Make it yourself

dog nutrition
Time to get cooking! © Pixabay
 

You probably know how much healthier it is for humans to cook at home rather than buy ready-meals or have takeaways - well, the same goes for your dog. The less processed your dog’s food, the better it is for their health.

If you’ve got the time, making homemade dog food is sure to benefit your pooch. Focus on including good quality meats, eggs, dairy, fish, as well as wholegrain fruits and vegetables. You should include a variety of whole foods from different groups, with protein making up the bulk of the meal.

Nutrition Tip #7: Consider supplements

If you use a high-quality, commercial dog food, it’s unlikely your pooch will require supplements to aid dog nutrition. However, if you do decide to go down the homemade route, you might need to add in some supplementary vitamins and minerals.

There are so many vitamins and minerals to consider. The best thing to do is chat with your vet about your dog’s specific needs - different vitamins will help with specific health concerns.

Nutrition Tip #8: Educate yourself on toxic foods

dog nutrition
Keep these away from your pooch!  © Pixabay
 

When your pup does those puppy eyes and looks super cute, it’s easy to give in and give them human food or scraps. But did you know that there’s a long list of foods which are toxic to dogs? Yep, they can make them extremely ill and could even lead to poisoning - and that's definitely not on the right track to perfect dog nutrition!

We’d recommend familiarising yourself with the foods which are toxic to dogs - that way, you can ensure no mistakes will be made. Here are some of the most common household ingredients which your dog should never get his paws on:

  • Onions and garlic
  • Chocolate
  • Grapes and raisins
  • Macadamia nuts
  • Alcoholic drinks
  • Caffeinate drinks
  • Xylitol (commonly found in sugar-free drinks and sweeteners)
  • Moudly food
  • Bones

Follow these dog nutrition tips and your pooch will be well on the way to a healthy body and a happy mind! As long as your pooch gets plenty of exercise, high-quality food and lots of love, they'll be living their best life - good luck!

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