Artois Hound

Other names: Chien d’Artois, Picard, Briquet

Artois Hound
Artois Hound

Formerly known as the Picard, the Artois Hound has been in existence for over 500 years. It’s believed to have been developed from the English Beagle and was used as a hunting dog by members of the French aristocracy. Unsurprisingly, the Artois Hound has an excellent nose, first-class tracking skills, and lots of stamina. They’re  happiest when working, but can still make excellent pets.This is a  friendly, affectionate, and loyal animal. 


Key facts about the Artois Hound

  • Life expectancy : Between 11 and 13 years
  • Temperament : Affectionate, Playful, Hunter
  • Size : Medium
  • Type of coat : Short
  • Price : Between £1000 and £1200

FCI Group

FCI Group

Group 6 - Scent hounds and related breeds


Section 1 : Scent hounds

Physical characteristics of the Artois Hound

Adult size

Female dog Between 21 and 23 in
Male dog Between 21 and 23 in


Female dog Between 62 and 66 lb
Male dog Between 62 and 66 lb

Coat colour

Tri-colour. Black, white, and fawn.

Type of coat

Short. Flat. Rough. Close to the body. 

Eye colour

Deep brown.


Medium sized, well-constructed dog with quite a long body. Short, sturdy legs. Long, thin tail and large, pendulous ears. A warm and friendly expression.



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A loving and very affectionate dog. Very open and receptive towards humans. 


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A high-energy dog with a big playful streak. The Artois Hound has tons of energy and enthusiasm, and really enjoys playing  games with younger children.


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A boisterous dog that loves to express itself through physical activity. Has a reputation for being a bit “naughty.” 


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A very intelligent dog with a strong and independent mind. This can lead to displays of difficult behaviour. The Artois Hound has a very low threshold for boredom, and as such can become quite disobedient.


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This dog was bred to track and hunt rabbits, which is something they do extremely well. Known for their speed and stamina, the Artois Hound is happiest when on the trail of a strong scent. 

Fearful / wary of strangers

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Very friendly and social, even towards strangers. This dog sees everyone as a potential friend.  


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The Artois Hound has a real mind of its own. As puppies they’re much more compliant. However, without proper training, they’ll develop into stubborn and disobedient dogs. 

Behaviour of the Artois Hound

Tolerates solitude

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Not suited to long periods of solitude. These dogs form an exceptionally strong bond with their main handler. Tends to latch onto one member of the family and needs lots of regular contact with their “master.” 

Easy to train / obedience

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Training the Artois requires patience, experience, and some creativity. This dog will quickly grow bored of the basic obedience commands. They need to be consistently challenged and praised.


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The Artois has a very distinct bark. It’s a piercing, high-pitched sound that travels for miles. This is perfect for hunting parties trying to locate the dog. However, it’s not so great for people keeping the Artois as just a pet!

Tendency to run away

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There’s always a risk that a scenthound could run away. Once they pick up a scent, they’ll follow it for hours and across huge distances. When it comes to obedience training, teaching this dog the recall command is your first priority.


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This dog rarely displays any destructive behaviour. 

Greedy / Gluttony

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No issues with overeating. 

Guard dog

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The Artois Hound lacks the territorial instincts of a natural watchdog. 

First dog

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Due to its very specific training needs and independent nature, the Artois Hound is a poor choice for the first time dog owner.


Artois Hound in a flat

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A flat is not an ideal environment for the Artois. Ideally, they need to live near the countryside or in a house that has a large, secure garden.

Need for exercise / Sporty

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Around 90 mins of exercise every day. Scenthounds also need plenty of opportunities to run free and explore. Keeping them on a lead can be a frustrating experience for the dog.

Travelling / easy to transport

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Easy enough to transport by car, although longer trips should be broken up into stages. This will prevent the Artois Hound from become bored, frustrated, or anxious


Artois Hound and cats

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The Artois Hound has a  very high prey drive. This makes them a bad choice for families with cats or other small pets. 

Artois Hound and dogs

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Artois Hounds were bred to hunt in large packs. As a result, they get on very well with other dogs.  

Artois Hound and children

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Suited for families with older children who know how to behave around dogs. A bit too rough and boisterous to play with toddlers. 

Artois Hound and the elderly

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This dog can be a real handful, especially during its first few years. Can be very difficult to train. Elderly owners will probably prefer a more naturally obedient dog.


The initial cost of a Artois Hound puppy is between £1,000 to £1,200. The average cost to keep one of these dogs (including vet bills, insurance, and food) is between £80 to £85 a month.


Thanks to its very short coat, the Artois Hound has minimal grooming requirements. Very easy to maintain. 


Light to average shedder.

Nutrition of the Artois Hound

3 cups of high-quality dog food per day. 

Health of the Artois Hound

Life expectancy

A very healthy and well-bred dog. Its average life expectancy is between 11 and 13 years.

Strong / robust

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A well-balanced, muscular dog. Not the strongest, but still very robust. Comfortable tracking its prey across rugged terrain.

Withstand heat

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No issues when its comes to dealing with heat. The Artois Hound has a short, close fitting coat that prevents them from overheating.

Withstand cold

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Not built for the cold. Will need a doggy coat if temperatures suddenly plummet. 

Tendency to put on weight

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No issues with unexplained weight gain or obesity. An active dog with a naturally lean frame. 

Common illnesses

Good to know

It’s advised to check their ears on a regular basis. They also need a monthly clean. Any breeds with long, pendulous ears are prone to ear infections. 

Physical exercise is not enough for these dogs. They also need a mental challenge. This is a task-driven breed with a very strong work ethic. 

Origins and history

The breed was developed in France around 500 years ago and reached its peak during the 17th century, when it was a dog of choice for the French Nobility. For hundreds of years it worked alongside hunters, tracking rabbits, foxes, and boars. Its numbers remained relatively high until after the second world war. The effects of the war on France, as well as growing industrialisation, forced the breed to the brink of extinction. It was saved by a French breeder named Mr. B Audrechy. After hearing of the Artois Hound’s decline, he located the remaining dogs and set up a breeding programme. The Artois Hound club now has over 500 dogs registered in its stud book and the breed’s overall numbers are on the rise. 


Snoopy, Droopy, Bubbles, Ronnie

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