Other names: Hungarian Pumi, Hungarian Herding Terrier
The Pumi originates from Hungary and has become famous all over the world for its quirky, teddy-bear-like looks. Originally bred to herd livestock, this is a highly energetic and intelligent breed which thrives as part of an active family. Naturally protective and loyal, the Pumi forms strong bonds with its family and makes for a lovely companion.
Key facts about the Pumi
Life expectancy :
Temperament :Affectionate Playful
Origins and history
A descendant of the high-energy Puli breed and a touch of terrier, the Pumi originates from 17th century Hungary, where she was used by shepherds to herd cattle, sheep and pigs. She has since remained the most popular herding dog in Hungary but has gained popularity in other countries too, mostly down to her adorable, koala-like looks.
FCI breed nomenclature
Group 1 - Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs)
Section 1 : Sheepdogs
Physical characteristics of the Pumi
Female : Between 15 and 17 in
Male : Between 16 and 19 in
Female : Between 18 and 29 lb
Male : Between 22 and 33 lb
White, grey, black or fawn.
Type of coat
Wavy or curly, and dense.
The Pumi is a medium-sized, compact dog that is often compared to a koala bear - yes, really! This cute-looking breed has an extremely long muzzle, semi-erect ears, dark brown, wide-set eyes and a jolly facial expression. The body is square-looking but small, and fairly muscular for its size.
Good to know
Although they are sometimes referred to as Terriers, they are not related to Terriers. They are simply comparable in terms of their alert natures and robust constitutions.
The Pumi is devoted to her family members and comes across as warm, affectionate and loving. She has been known to show exclusive love to one member of the group.
Nicknamed ‘the clown’ in Hungary, the Pumi is a super playful breed, remaining puppy-like into her adult years.
The Pumi is bold and vocal - probably not the best choice for those looking for a calm, placid dog!
As a herding dog, the Pumi is an intelligent and helpful companion. She excels at agility and ball sports and enjoys obedience training.
The Pumi holds a very high prey drive and will chase small animals.
Fearful / wary of strangers
The Pumi is very suspicious of unfamiliar faces and becomes anxious around strangers. Early socialisation can help this problem slightly, although the Pumi will likely always need time to warm to people.
Bred to hunt independently, the Pumi wants to be the boss and needs a firm, confident owner. She has a definite stubborn and willful streak.
Behaviour of the Pumi
The Pumi forms a super close bond to her owner and family members and, therefore, doesn’t cope well with being left alone for too long. Early habituation to short periods of alone time may help.
Easy to train / obedience
The Pumi is intelligent and can pick up new tricks and follow orders with ease. However, the independent streak means training should start early.
She is known to be a vocal dog who barks loudly and excessively if not trained well.
Tendency to run away
Due to her strong herding and hunting instincts, the Pumi may run off around livestock, wildlife and small animals.