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Welsh Corgi

Welsh Corgi
Welsh Corgi
Puppy

The Welsh Corgi dog has a mythical ancestry. Legends state that these gorgeous dogs were used by elves and fairies to work with their cattle, as riding creatures and to pull coaches. In more recent years, the breed has been used as a cattle herder, farm protector and of course, as a loyal companion.

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Key facts about the Welsh Corgi

  • Life expectancy : Between 12 and 14 years
  • Temperament : Affectionate, Playful, Intelligent
  • Size : Medium
  • Type of coat : Short
  • Price : Between £870 and £1180

FCI Group

FCI Group

Group 1 - Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs)

Section

Section 1 : Sheepdogs

Physical characteristics of the Welsh Corgi

Adult size

Female dog Between 10 and 12 in
Male dog Between 10 and 12 in

Weight

Female dog Between 20 and 24 lb
Male dog Between 22 and 26 lb

Coat colour

Cardigan: red and white, sable and white, black and white, brindle, blue merle
Pembroke: red, sable, tan, fawn, black (all with or without white markings), tricolour

Type of coat

The Welsh Corgi has coat hair of medium length.

This breed has a straight, harsh to the touch coat, with a dense, thick undercoat.

Eye colour

Eyes of this breed are brown.

Description

The Welsh Corgi dog is a sturdily built, compact shaped dog who is always active and alert. His head has a foxy appearance and shape, is flat between his ears and his muzzle tapers slightly. The Pembroke Corgi has no tail, which distinguishes him from his relative, the Cardigan Welsh, who does actually have one. Similarly, the Pembroke is the slightly smaller of the two breeds.

Varieties

Welsh Corgi Cardigan

Welsh Corgi Pembroke

Temperament

Affectionate

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The Welsh Corgi is always friendly and outgoing, never aggressive or nervous. The majority of owners consider this breed to be very agreeable and affectionate, yet not overly needy.

Playful

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With a very playful and fun-loving side to their characters, these small dogs love to be entertained, and to entertain too. When the mood takes him he can be quite mischievous and will often push his boundaries, just for fun.

Calm

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Although he isn’t the most calm of the small dog breeds, the Welsh Corgi has a watchful, alert nature due to his herding background.

Intelligent

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Above all, these small dogs love to please their owners, and as very intelligent dogs, they pick up new skills very easily. He does like to be kept busy, although likewise, after his daily exercise, is just as happy to chill out by the fireside.

Hunter

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Although the Welsh Corgi is a very sociable dog, as they have a heritage of herding and working ancestors in their blood lines, they have a high prey drive too. When they get the chance, they will chase after small animals, including the neighbour’s cat!

Fearful / wary of strangers

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Often quite wary of strangers, but never showing any aggressive tendencies. This dog probably prefers to get to know someone before he will call them a friend and will keep his distance from any strangers.

Independent

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Certainly a very strong-willed, independent little dog, who needs a confident owner who can show he is the master.

Behaviour of the Welsh Corgi

Tolerates solitude

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As the Welsh Corgi forms strong bonds with their family, they don’t tolerate being left alone for long periods. They are certainly happy if their owner is at home during the daytime. Separation anxieties in the Corgi can lead him to display destructive tendencies as a way to keep himself occupied. He will often bark incessantly to show his disaproval of being left alone.

Easy to train / obedience

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The Welsh Corgi is very responsive to most training methods and he is willing and eager to learn new skills. Although quite a sensitive dog, he is a quick learner and will respond well when tasked with obedience skills.

Barking

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For such a small dog, he can certainly make noise. With an impressive bark, he will alert you to something he’s not happy about, or when strangers are around.

Tendency to run away

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These dogs are hunters as well as herders, and only need to catch a glimpse of a small animal in their vicinity to start chasing it if they can.

Destructive

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This small dog doesn’t tolerate solitude very well, and will easily become bored and display destructive tendencies.

Greedy / Gluttony

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These small dogs can certainly be quite greedy, especially where titbits and treats are concerned.

Guard dog

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You wouldn’t think that this small Welsh Corgi would make a good watchdog, but you would be wrong. He is quick of the mark to alert his owner to any strangers at the door. With a strong guarding and herding instinct too, he will always protect his family.

First dog

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Its great fun to be around these small canines, as they are so enthusiastic about everything they do. As an intelligent breed, he is very eager to please and is able to pick up new things very quickly. He is a good choice for a first time dog owner, as long as the owner is committed to providing him with both the mental and physical stimulation he needs.

Lifestyle

Welsh Corgi in a flat

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If the Welsh Corgi receives sufficient daily exercise to meet his needs, he will reside quite happily in an apartment. Likewise, he doesn’t need a large outside space for exercise if he is taken out for his daily walks. This is quite an adaptable dog breed.

Need for exercise / Sporty

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Although they have the appearance of a small dog, they have lots of stamina and love nothing better than being outdoors. They love all forms of exercise and spending time with their owners. Chasing balls, agility, obedience and herding are just some of his favourite pastimes. As a smart dog, he needs to be active most of the time.

Travelling / easy to transport

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As a smaller sized dog, he is accepting to travelling in the boot of a car, or in a dog crate, without any issues.

Compatibility

Welsh Corgi and cats

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As the Welsh Corgi breed has previously been used as a herder and ratter to get rid of vermin, his instincts are to round up and chase any vermin. He might include other pets and small animals too, cats included. This behaviour can be curbed with early training.

Welsh Corgi and dogs

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This breed tends to get along fine with other dogs in the same family, however, with strange dogs they tend to be more territorial.

Welsh Corgi and children

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With a fun-loving nature, the Welsh Corgi will thrive in a family environment, especially if the children are slightly older. These small dogs have an in-built instinct to nip at people’s heels, which doesn’t go down too well with smaller children.

Welsh Corgi and the elderly

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Providing this dog has daily exercise to meet his needs, he will settle quite happily with an elderly person as a companion. Remember though, that he is quite an active dog and loves nothing more than being outdoors, running around and burning off his energy.

Price

As the Welsh Corgi breed is quite rare, expect to pay an average price of £1,180 for KC Registered Welsh Corgi and around £870 for a Non-KC Registered pup. When buying a pup from this breed, you actually commit to a 12 to 15 year care plan too.

In addition to the purchase cost, there are various other expenses to take into consideration. These costs include, but are not limited to – the dog’s food, veterinary costs, vaccinations, annual boosters and pet insurance cover. He may be a small dog, but he can be quite expensive to own. Expect to spend between £40 to £60 each month, after you have paid for him in the first place.

Grooming

Daily grooming is advised for this dog, as his coat is quite thick and dense. He does shed his hair, so frequent grooming will help to prevent this.

Hair loss

Welsh Corgis are known for shedding their coat quite copiously during the year.

Nutrition of the Welsh Corgi

The ideal, nutritious feeding schedule for your Welsh Corgi, is to offer 2 meals each day. Of course the amount will depend on several factors, such as the dog’s size, age and levels of activity. Take care not to over-feed, as this breed is known to put on excess weight.

Health of the Welsh Corgi

Life expectancy

The life expectancy of the Welsh Corgi is between 12 to 14 years.

Strong / robust

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Welsh Corgis are a lively, active breed with lots of stamina. This breed is used to herd cattle and as such is bold and fearless.

Withstand heat

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The Welsh Corgi dog is very adaptable in various temperatures. Corgis cope very well during the summer months without any huge problems.

Withstand cold

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With his double coat and dense hair, the Welsh Corgi can certainly withstand the chilly temperatures of the winter season.

Tendency to put on weight

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As they are small dogs, they are quite prone to obesity and weight gain if they don’t receive adequate exercise and other activities. Older Corgis will quite happily lie around in front of the fireside and can become fairly sedentary.

Common illnesses

Some of the more serious health conditions that affect the Welsh Corgi are:

  • Invertebral disc disease
  • Canine hip dysplasia
  • Epilepsy
  • Degenerative myelopathy
  • Willebrand’s Disease
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Urinary Stones occasionally

Good to know

There are 2 types of Welsh Corgi – the Pembroke Welsh Corgi and the Cardigan Welsh. They look very similar in appearance but because they have been bred from totally different blood lines, are considered as different breeds. The most noticeable difference is the fact that the Pembroke Corgi has no tail. The Pembrokes tend to have pointed ears while the Cardigan Corgi’s ears are a rounded shape.

The Welsh Corgi is certainly a Royal dog. During her lifetime, Queen Elizabeth II has owned more than 30 dogs from this breed. Her very first Corgi was gifted to her by her father in 1933. He was given the name of Dookie, and both Princess Elizabeth, as she was at the time, and her sister, Princess Margaret, fell in love with the tiny dog. On her 18th birthday, the Queen received another Welsh Corgi as a gift, who she named Susan. Her love of the breed continues to this day.

Origins and history

Dating back many centuries to 920 AD, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is thought to have been introduced into Wales by Flemish Weavers. They utilised these small dogs to drive their cattle herds to market. The Corgis did this by nipping at the heels of the cattle. 
In 1928, the UK Kennel Club recognised both the Cardigan and the Pembroke Corgis as one breed. However, some 6 years later, the two breeds were recognised separately. Both breeds are declining in popularity in the UK, and have been placed on the Kennel Club’s list of vulnerable native breeds.

Names

Good names for a Welsh Corgi: Emma, Holly, Monty, Willow

Find out more dog name ideas here