Other names: Mexican Hairless dog, Xolo
The Mexican Hairless Dog is a loyal, alert, affectionate and calm dog which - you guessed it - has no hair! This is an extremely smart and intelligent breed which is also incredibly loyal to its owner. Because of this, they do tend to be a little ‘needy’ and are often prone to separation anxiety.
Their hairless skin certainly makes them a unique dog. However, their lack of coat doesn’t mean grooming’s out of the picture - this fine-looking pooch will need plenty of skincare and may be prone to acne.
Key facts about the Xoloitzcuintle
Life expectancy :
Temperament :Playful Intelligent
Origins and history
Xolo’s are one of the oldest breeds known to man - they’re thought to have been around for around 3,500 years! These ancient dogs were believed to be a ‘gift from the Aztech Gods’ which helped transport people to the Afterlife - yes, they’re truly mythical creatures! They’d be buried alongside their owners in the belief they’d guide the soul to the underworld. During the 1940s and ’50s, the Xolo’s popularity boomed, leading to high breeding rates - hence why they’re so commonly seen as pets now.
Group 5 - Spitz and primitive types
Section 6 : Primitive type
Physical characteristics of the Xoloitzcuintle
Female : Between 10 and 24 in
Male : Between 10 and 24 in
Female: 14.1 inch - 17.8 inch
Male: 14.1 inch - 17.8 inch
Female: 9.8 inch - 13.8 inch
Male: 9.8 inch - 13.8 inch
Female : Between 7 and 55 lb
Male : Between 7 and 55 lb
The Mexican Hairless Dog doesn’t have a coat, but their skin is most commonly black or blue-black. However, they can also be seen in red, liver and bronze. They sometimes have tufts of hair on their faces, necks, feet and tails, normally in a similar shade to the skin.
Type of coat
Hairless or very short for the coated variety.
For the coated variety, the coat is flat, smooth and without undercoat.
The Xolo’s eyes range from black to brown, red, amber and yellow. More often than not, they’re fairly dark.
The Mexican Hairless Dog is a tall and long, lean yet muscular dog who definitely stands out from the crowd. They’re ‘athletic’ looking with strong legs. They possess tough, textured skin with small tufts of hair - though some have none at all. Tails are set low when they’re relaxed or resting and high when excited or alert.
In terms of the head, the Xolo has a long, thin muzzle with a nose the same colour as the skin and a small stop. The eyes are large, expressive and almond-shaped while the ears are big and mostly erect. The neck is long and elegant.
Good to know
The Mexican Hairless Dog is the official dog of Mexico - pretty cool, right?
The Mexican Hairless Dog is a very affectionate dog - but only towards those they’ve chosen! This breed tends to have a favourite person and stick to them (quite literally) like glue. If you want this breed to be equally affectionate towards all family members, make sure each and every person spends equal time training, playing with and exercising the dog.
This breed is known to be energetic, fun-loving and playful and for the most part, will be more than happy to play games as a family or take part in sports on the beach or at the park. However, some Xolos are more aloof to others and may not enjoy long periods of playtime.
The Mexican Hairless Dog is known to be particularly relaxed and laid-back around the house. Assuming they’re being kept well, have plenty of company and are getting lots of exercise, this is a super chilled-out breed. However, like most dog breeds, you may find they cause mischief if bored, lonely or stressed.
The Xoloitzcuintli is extremely intelligent, inquisitive and smart - they pick things up easily and seem to be emotionally in tune with their family. However, this breed takes longer to mature than many other dog breeds and won’t be fully mentally developed until around 2 years of age.
He doesn't have any hunting instincts.
Fearful / wary of strangers
The Mexican Hairless Dog is naturally protective of their family, making them wary of unfamiliar faces. Consistent socialisation from a young age can help this significantly, leading to a friendly, warm pooch.
In terms of independence, the Xolo is somewhat in the middle. Their intelligence means they’re more than capable of free-thinking and may cause mischief in the right move. However, most dogs of this breed are so eager to please and devoted to their owner that it’s rarely a problem.
Behaviour of the Xoloitzcuintle
The Mexican Hairless Dog loves its owner and wants to be around them all the time. As such, they don’t cope well with being left alone and will become lonely, and possibly destructive, pretty quickly. They’re best suited to families who can provide constant company between them.
Easy to train / obedience
The Xolo doesn’t fully mature until 2 years of age, meaning training can be slow to start. However, it’s important to be consistent with both socialization and training from a young age to avoid ending up with an aloof, shy or overly-protective dog. Due to their long puppyhood, make sure training sessions are short, sweet and full of fun games and activities. The Xolo can be rather sensitive, so stick to positive reinforcement and avoid shouting or scolding at all costs.
The Xolo’s bark is more like a howl! Unfortunately, this breed can be prone to excessive barking - it’s just a natural instinct. The best way to relieve this is to ensure enough exercise, play and affection are being given to the dog in question. As soon as they feel unsatisfied, it’s likely to become a problem.