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Dandie Dinmont Terrier

Other names: Dandie, Hindlee Terrier, Charlie’s Hope Terrier, Mustard & Pepper Terrier

Dandie Dinmont Terrier

‘The gentleman of the terrier family,’ ‘the world’s oldest terrier,’ ‘Scotland's forgotten breed’ – the Dandie Dinmont Terrier has quite the reputation to those in the know. But it nearly came to nought as the breed dwindled towards extinction as recently as 2015-2016, before staging a mighty, yet incomplete, comeback. He’s long, very long like a sausage dog, covered in a double coat of which the top layer is not quite wiry, and he’s capped by a top-knot of silky hair like a little old lady. The Dandie Dinmont Terrier is really quite a fabulous fellow and it’s difficult to see how he has become such a troublingly rare breed.

Key facts about the Dandie Dinmont Terrier

Life expectancy :





Temperament :

Playful Calm Intelligent Hunter

Size :

Origins and history

We know of the Dandie from as far back as the year 1700, although he would not get his name until the 19th century, when novelist Sir Walter Scott created a character (in his novel “Guy Mannering”) based on the real life dog breeder James Davidson ; the character was named Dandie Dinmont, a farmer, and it is whispered that every modern Dandie can trace his lineage to Davidson’s real life terrier, Old Ginger. 
In fact, Old Ginger has his own statue at Selkirk, where the dog was born. It’s possible the breed originated as a cross between a Scottish Terrier and a Skye Terrier.
The Dandie prevailed admirably over the years, his unique appearance aptly matched by his status as the only dog breed named after a fictional character ; Louis I of France had two of the fellows at his feet, and in 1875 the Dandie Dinmont Terrier Club (DDTC) was founded – today it is the third eldest breed club in the world.
However, by the turn of the latest century, the Dandie was in trouble, with barely two-dozen pups being registered per year (way below the 300 required to surpass ‘vulnerable’ status).
Thanks to campaigning efforts by those such as breeder Paul Keevil, pup numbers have risen modestly without reaching safety. The kennel building where Old Ginger was born is being restored as a Dandie ‘discovery centre’ and work is being done to raise the profile of this rather unknown dog who suffers from fashionability rather than any practical or aesthetic drawback.

FCI breed nomenclature

FCI Group

Group 3 - Terriers


Section 2 : Small sized Terriers

Physical characteristics of the Dandie Dinmont Terrier

    Adult size

    Female : Between 10 and 12 in

    Male : Between 10 and 12 in


    Female : Between 18 and 24 lb

    Male : Between 18 and 24 lb

    Coat colour

    Type of coat

    Eye colour



    His long body and arched back soar past front legs that are little more than elongated feet before coming to a surprising conclusion : a bouffant hair-do (or ‘top-knot’) on his head. The Dandie’s seductive eyes are large and round and set quite far apart. His ears are pendulous and hang low, giving him the look of distinguished archivist. His black button nose caps a muzzle that barely got started. While he is proportionately built, that fabulous hairdo and beard add inches to his head, giving the impression that it has been swapped for that of a darling old man. While Robert Smellie’s famous painting of the breed appears to be somewhat naive and caricatured, it is a peculiar paradox of this breed that its appearance heeds Smellie’s description yet retains a sense of dignity at the same time. A dandy, indeed.

    Good to know

    The Dandie Dinmont Terrier is rare among dog breeds for having his own tartan : a black and yellow variation given him by the Duke of Buccleuch.


    • 66%


      The Dandie is a very affectionate, loving, and placid companion.

    • 100%


      Despite his serious countenance, the Dandie enjoys play and can even become mischievous on occasion. Life needn’t be dull with a Dandie, since he loves to put on a show or to be entertained.

    • 100%


      As terriers go, the Dandie Dinmont Terrier is rather a calm one. He can dial down his energies indoors, but will be ready to go full pelt when playing or working outdoors.

    • 100%


      He’s an intelligent chap, but like so many of our wayward geniuses his intelligence should not be mistaken for conformism ; he will use his intelligence in sometimes surprising ways and not always as you would like him to.

    • 100%


      The Dandie was bred as a hunting dog : tenacious and courageous, he still has the instinct to go to ground, and it is a foolish mouse who crosses the threshold of even the most modern of his kind. His ancestors were not unaccustomed to dealing with badgers and otters.

    • 100%

      Fearful / wary of strangers

      Neither especially wary not gregarious among unfamiliar faces, you can expect the Dandie to be polite, no more and no less, until familiarity has flourished.

    • 66%


      As with most terriers, the Dandie prides himself on his independence. While loyal and respectful to his owners, he will regularly defer to his own initiative, much as he must in the hunting fields.

      Behaviour of the Dandie Dinmont Terrier

      • 66%

        Tolerates solitude

        His tolerance for solitude is moderate. Leave him too long and he will treat your slippers like his ancestors treated so many innocent otters.

      • 66%

        Easy to train / obedience

        The Dandie is intelligent and keen to learn. However he can also be a bit stubborn and wilful. So an easy ride is not guaranteed.

      • 100%


        The Dandie has a rich, deep bark that matches his outfit if not his size; he will not use it unduly, except in the case of being left alone for longer than he can tolerate.

      • 66%

        Tendency to run away

        The main risk is that his hunting instincts should coax him from home. He likes to give chase to small, darting animals, and is expert at (and perfectly shaped for) worming his way through spaces that his human comrades assumed would surely hold him.

      • 33%