St. Bernard

Other names : Mount Bernard dog, Bernhardiner, Saint Bernardshund, Saint Bernard dog

Photo: adult dog of St. Bernard breed
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Life expectancy

The St. Bernard has a life expectancy of between 8 and 10 years




Adult size

Female Between 26 and 31 in
Male Between 28 and 35 in

Adult weight

Female Between 110 and 165 lb
Male Between 121 and 198 lb
Coat colour
Brown Red White
Type of coat
Short Long
Eye colour

Purchase price

The St. Bernard costs between £810 and £1020

Good to know

More details about the St. Bernard

St. Bernard: Origins and history

Of Swiss origin, it is a descendant of the ancient asian Molossian, whose primordial form was embodied by the Tibetan Mastiff. The breed such as we know it today has been selected by the cenobite monks of the Grand Saint-Bernard hospice, its namesake. The monks had been using the breed for a very long time for search and rescue missions in the mountains, as well as for guardianship. Essentially, these dogs served to accompany travellers, and save those lost in the snow. The symbolic little barrel of brandy/ schnapps that they sported around their neck would serve to restore the senses of those lost in action. The most famous of them all was Barry since, in the 14th century, it saved around 40 people from the so-called White Death. The Swiss club was created in 1884, while it was only created in France in 1908.

Training a St. Bernard

The large constitution of this mountain molossian requires an early-onset, firm education, upon its arrival within the family. 

The Saint Bernard puppy must rapidly absord the rules and limitations of life at home. If those basic principles are not integrated as soon as possible, this big dog could quickly become a burden on account of its size. 

You can also forget about lagging behind this dog on walks- teaching it to walk on a leash, without pulling, will have to be initiated early on, in a positive and consistent manner.

It is very important to work on the leash walking because, weighing up to 200 pounds, the St. Bernard can quickly overpower its master, which could potentially be dangerous. 

At times, this big dog can be stubborn, even boar-headed, but a firm and coherent training, fair and respectful of the principles of positive training, will give way to a beautiful master-dog relationship and easy cooperation. 

Socialisation will also have to be a part of the young dog’s training. Over the course of its first months, it will have to be made familiar with various, more or less stimulating environments, and make various positive, congeneric and inter-specific encounters.

St. Bernard: Purchase price

The price of a Saint Bernard depends on its origins, its age, and its gender. You have to count an average of £1015 for dogs registered with the Kennel Club. 

With regards to the monthly budget, big dog equals big budget. You have to count an average of £80 per month in order to cater to the Saint Bernard’s physiological needs.

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