Other names: Samoiedskaïa Sabaka
The Samoyed is a very majestic-looking, nordic dog. Its thick white fur and friendly personality makes it loved by many. Naturally independent but still affectionate, particularly with children, this white dog makes the perfect pet for the whole family. Initially bred as a sled dog, the Samoyed needs regular physical activity to be happy. Experienced and active owners are best-suited to this nordic pup.
Key facts about the Samoyed
Origins and history
The Samoyed’s origins stem from Nordic countries, a trait shared with other sled dogs as well. Its name originates from the Samoyed tribe, which bred this dog in the far North. However, the dogs they bred were not white, but instead predominantly black. The Samoyed’s white fur was selected for in modern breeding practices, which began in the United States and England, from both the “bear” and “wolf” varieties created by the tribe. The breed was first thought to have come from England, however, we now know that it is linked to North Russia and Siberia, under the Nordic Kennel Union (NKU).
Physical characteristics of the Samoyed
Female : Between 18 and 20 in
Male : Between 20 and 22 in
Female : Between 33 and 49 lb
Male : Between 44 and 66 lb
The coat can be completely white, white biscuit or cream.
Type of coat
The fur is long.
The outer coat is long, straight and coarse, while the undercoat is short, soft and dense. Both of these create a thick and abundant fleece-like fur.
Females’ fur is slightly shorter and softer than males’.
The eyes are dark brown.
Samoyeds are an elegant, strong and resilient dog. They are proud, robust, and assertive. There are notable differences between the males and females of the breed.
Good to know
Along with its undeniable friendliness and charm, this nordic dog can actually smile, delighting both young and old. This is due to the shape of its mouth, which slightly bends upwards towards his cheeks, giving him the well-known “Samoyed smile”.
This dog is gentle and affectionate. It will love playing with its owners, all the while maintaining a certain distance, which is very common among nordic dogs.
Even as an adult, this nordic dog will always want to play. This is especially the case with children, which this breed adores.
This sled dog is very dynamic and active. However, if its exercise needs are met with a diverse range of stimulating activities, the Samoyed can be calm and appreciate the comfort of its bed.
On one hand, the Samoyed’s ability to adapt to a number of lifestyles shows its intelligence.
On the other hand, the Samoyed won’t cooperate easily. Communication can become difficult if a Samoyed notices a lack of coherence in its training or doesn’t trust its trainer. It may seem paradoxical, but this is also a sign of intelligence.
This beautiful white dog is a good hunter, even if this isn’t its favourite activity. Samoyeds can see small animals as prey. However, being more playful than predatory, this instinct is not overly prevalent.
Fearful / wary of strangers
Unlike many dogs of this type, the Samoyed is mostly welcoming of strangers, which makes it a less-than-suitable guard dog.
The Samoyed isn’t fearful or aggressive towards strangers, instead preferring to be stroked by them or even played with.
Like many nordic dogs, the Samoiedskaïa Sabaka is very independent in nature. However, it is still very attached to its owners, and always seeking to please them.
Behaviour of the Samoyed
This dog will not cope well with being kept separate from its social group. Nor will it cope well if left on its own in the house. A Samoyed may resort to barking or destruction as an outlet for its emotional discomfort.
Easy to train / obedience
In general, training nordic dogs is no easy feat. Their independence and stubbornness doesn’t leave much room for spontaneous cooperation.
However, this white dog can cooperate if its owner is consistent, patient, and trustworthy.
Samoyed dogs must be trained at a very young age to avoid picking up bad habits.
You should train your dog using positive reinforcement. Never get aggressive, or you may scare your Samoyed to the point where training will no longer be possible.
This nordic dog barks a lot to communicate with both humans and other dogs, whether to express its joy, frustration or enthusiasm.