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Slovakian Chuvach

Other names: Slovak Cuvac, Slovensky Cuvac

Slovakian Chuvach

Is it a polar bear, or is it a Slovensky Cuvac? Thanks to this breed’s stocky frame and soft, snow white coat, it’s pretty hard to tell the two apart! This large Slovakian dog breed has incredible strength and enviable guarding skills, but also boasts a surprisingly sweet spot to its temperament. Affectionate, loyal and protective towards its family, the Slovak Cuvac can make a great pet, but only for those who can cater to its vigorous daily exercise needs and independent nature. 

Key facts about the Slovakian Chuvach

Life expectancy :





Temperament :

Calm Intelligent

Size :

Origins and history

This hardy breed originates from the mountains of Slovakia, where it was used to herd and guard farmers’ livestock, pull heavy carts, and act as a companion to the whole family. The breed itself dates back to the 17th century, and although the Slovensky’s origins aren’t certain, most Slovakians believe that the breed descended from Arctic wolves.

FCI breed nomenclature

FCI Group

Group 1 - Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs)


Section 1 : Sheepdogs

Physical characteristics of the Slovakian Chuvach

Adult size

Female : Between 23 and 26 in

Male : Between 24 and 28 in


Female : Between 68 and 82 lb

Male : Between 79 and 97 lb

Coat colour

Type of coat

Eye colour



The Slovensky Cuvac is a large, robust dog with a truly imposing appearance. The body is simply huge - slightly longer than it is tall, with straight and sturdy legs, a broad chest and a straight back. The Slovensky’s face, however, has a charming friendliness about it, often compared to the beloved Golden Retriever. The eyes are dark and oval-shaped, the ears are triangular and floppy and the nose is large, dark, and distinguished.

Good to know

The Slovensky Cuvac is capable of hunting down huge game such as wolves and boar - yep, this is a feisty one!


  • 66%


    The Slovak Cuvak is loyal, devoted and affectionate, but towards its family only.

  • 66%


    This breed has tons of energy to expel, and will happily burn some of it up by playing games or sports with its family.

  • 100%


    This big, protective giant is actually known to be a rather calm and docile dog within the home, providing its needs are met. However, it’s important to bear in mind that this dog can be demanding in terms of exercise - it’s not for anyone who wants an easy ride!

  • 100%


    This is a highly intelligent breed, which is well known for having an incredible memory. Apparently, once the Slovensky learns something, it’ll stick forever!

  • 33%


    The Slovensky doesn’t really have much of a hunting instinct, but does like to chase things!

  • 100%

    Fearful / wary of strangers

    Naturally protective and territorial, the Slovensky Cuvac is often wary and suspicious of unfamiliar faces.

  • 66%


    As a working breed with brains, it comes as no surprise that the Slovensky is a free-thinker who can be quite independent in nature, but still needs human contact to flourish. This dog requires an experienced, dominant, and fair but firm owner.

    Behaviour of the Slovakian Chuvach

    • 100%

      Tolerates solitude

      The Slovak Cuvac tolerates being left alone well in comparison to other breeds, but still appreciates companionship and would always prefer to be around its family.

    • 66%

      Easy to train / obedience

      The Slovak Cuvac is a dominant breed and will try to be the leader of the pack, but understands quickly what is expected of it if well-trained. It’s essential that this dog receives thorough training from a young age which is carried out by an experienced, firm, and confident owner. 

    • 66%


      This is a very vocal breed - teaching the ‘quiet’ command is essential.

    • 66%