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Komondor

Other names: Hungarian Sheepdog, Mop Dog, Hungarian Commonmop

Komondor
Komondor

Right, this is the one. The dog you’ve been seeing around town. The one that causes small children to stop and drop their lollipops. But while yes, this dog is a big mop on legs, and at least twice as adorable in person as seen from afar, she is also a serious working dog in her own right: a shepherd and a fierce guard, whose flowing cords disguise her strength and vigour. Thus, she may be a mop but she’s nobody’s broom to push around, and without adequate training this large and determined dog can become quite a handful. Properly raised, however, she will become an affectionate and striking member of the family and a great help around small domestic spillages.

dna

Key facts about the Komondor

  • Life expectancy : Between 10 and 12 years
  • Size : Large
  • Type of coat : Long

FCI Group

FCI Group

Group 1 - Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs)

Section

Section 1 : Sheepdogs

Physical characteristics of the Komondor

Adult size

Female dog Between 26 and 28 in
Male dog Between 28 and 31 in

Weight

Female dog Between 88 and 110 lb
Male dog Between 110 and 132 lb

Coat colour

Ivory.

Type of coat

Coarse upper coat, tending towards corded; fine undercoat.

Eye colour

Dark brown.

Description

While the Hungarian Sheepdog is known for her mop-like appearance, her coat may appear more or less smooth, wavy, or matted according to the individual; and those cords can take several months from puppyhood to develop. All the same, you’re looking at one hairy dog, whose hair at its shortest is 10cm (ears, neck, and limbs) while nearing 30cm on the croup. So striking is her hair-do that many neglect to ponder, or simply can’t imagine, what’s going on underneath. What you would find were you to look is a broad, domed head, a muscled neck in perfect line to her back, a broad chest, muscled torso, big bones, yet a light gait.

Temperament

Affectionate

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The Komondor is very attached to her family, but less demonstrative with others.

Playful

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Before adulthood, she likes to play, but once she matures, she becomes much quieter. She prefers to watch the surroundings rather than being distracted by games.

Calm

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As a shepherd, it is her professional duty – and her nature – to remain calm when times are calm, but to respond fearlessly to counter threats to her charge.

Intelligent

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She is moderately intelligent, and can quickly tell the difference between a visiting guest and a malicious intrusion.

Hunter

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This creature is not known for her hunting prowess.

Fearful / wary of strangers

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She is at best reserved with strangers, and needs to be well-socialized from an early age with people and dogs.

Independent

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The Komondor has been bred to guard sheep independently and may transfer that independent streak to other facets of her life.

Behaviour of the Komondor

Tolerates solitude

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She can easily remain alone at home or in the garden where she proudly and courageously fulfills her mission of guardian.

Easy to train / obedience

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The Komondor requires firm training as she is a powerful dog who can be obstinate and independent-minded.

Barking

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She has a loud bark and may use it with little provocation in the pursuit of her guarding duties.

Tendency to run away

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The Komondor rarely tries to scarper because her business is to stick to her observation post.

Destructive

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As a solitary dog, she is not usually destructive, but can cause a fuss when bored.

Greedy / Gluttony

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She is not particularly greedy, although treats can be useful in training.

Guard dog

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Although a sheep ‘herder,’ the Komondor is more of a sheep ‘guard’ in practice. She is territorial and will watch your property and people with a vigilance that needs to be kept in check with the proper training.

First dog

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The size, power, and obstinacy of this dog make her a problematic choice for a first dog.

Lifestyle

Komondor in a flat

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No. This dog needs space, and will not gladly tolerate sharing a building with unfamiliar inhabitants.

Need for exercise / Sporty

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The Komondor is surprisingly active and agile for her size and needs plenty of exercise; outdoor time will suit her temperament well.

Travelling / easy to transport

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She’s a bit of a whopper to drive around but it’s not out of the question if she gets used to it from a young age.

Compatibility

Komondor and cats

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If she is raised alongside cats she should be okay, but beware a Komondor can quickly damage a pesky cat if they step out of line.

Komondor and dogs

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She is not especially sociable with other dogs, although she will fiercely protect those alongside whom she is raised. 

Komondor and children

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She is gentle and protective with children of her own family, but don’t expect her to spend hours playing or being cuddled by them. Her living space must be respected.

Komondor and the elderly

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With her significant training and exercise needs and her size, this dog may not be the ideal choice for older people.

Price

You can expect to pay upwards of £1,000 for a well-bred KC registered puppy. Looking after a dog of this size typically costs between £90 to £160 a month, including food, medical/insurance, and incidental expenses.

Grooming

While this uniquely-carpeted dog may not require as frequent grooming as you may imagine (and absolutely no brushing) she needs to bathed now and then and have her cords divided and cared for a few times a year.

Shedding

Low shedder.

Nutrition of the Komondor

Ordinary high-quality dog food; she doesn’t eat much for her size.

Health of the Komondor

Life expectancy

This dog keeps generally good health. Her average life expectancy is 11 years.

Strong / robust

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She is a sturdy dog, but suffers from several health conditions.

Withstand heat

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As you can imagine, she soon becomes uncomfortable in hot weather.

Withstand cold

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She is perfectly designed to work hard in very cold weather.

Tendency to put on weight

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She is not a greedy dog, and not predisposed to put on weight.

Common illnesses

  • CHD
  • Gastric torsion
  • Cataracts
  • Skin problems (sebaceous cysts, dermatitis)
  • Trichoepithelioma (skin tumor)
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Entropion

Good to know

There are only a few dozen of these dogs in the UK so tracking down a pup can take a while.

Origins and history

Known as a Hungarian Sheepdog, her ancestors were brought to Hungary in the middle-ages by the Cumans, from whom she takes her name and at whose graves her ancestors’ remains have been found. Before that, her heritage seems to have been Tibetan. She has been a popular worker in Hungary for many centuries, guarding rather than herding sheep. It is said that many of her kind perished at the hands of the invading Nazis because no Komondor house could be taken with this fierce protector still alive.

Names

Marley, Curly, Honey, Lily

Find out more dog name ideas here

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