Other names: Rabbit Dog, Kelb tal-Fenek
The native dog of Malta, the Pharaoh Hound is also known as the Rabbit dog. This is because it’s primarily used to track and hunt small game, including rabbits. It’s believed to have evolved from the ancient Tesem breed, which was an Egyptian hunting dog. The Pharaoh Hound does bear a striking resemblance to images and paintings found inside ancient egyptian tombs. It’s a friendly, active, and loyal dog. Although mainly used as a working dog, they can make great family pets.
Key facts about the Pharaoh Hound
Life expectancy :
Temperament :Playful Hunter
Origins and history
The Pharaoh Hound was practically unknown in the UK and USA until the late 20th century. However, the dog's roots can be traced back to 4000 BC! An artefact found in ancient Egypt depicts two Pharaoh Hound-like dogs chasing a gazelle. It's believed that the breed was later imported to Malta by Phoenician traders. After showing the locals what it was capable of, it was quickly adopted as the national dog of Malta. This agile hunting dog soon earned the nickname "Kelb tal-Fenek”, which translates as the dog of the rabbit.
FCI breed nomenclature
Group 5 - Spitz and primitive types
Section 6 : Primitive type
Physical characteristics of the Pharaoh Hound
Female : Between 21 and 24 in
Male : Between 22 and 25 in
Female : Between 44 and 55 lb
Male : Between 44 and 55 lb
Tan, with white markings on chest, tail, head, and toes accepted.
Type of coat
Short. Single coat. Fine.
Medium sized. Clean, clear lines. Lean, athletic frame, long neck. Large ears. Alert and inquisitive expression.
Good to know
Pharaoh Hounds are very sensitive to the cold. Potential issues include frostbite and hypothermia. Invest in a top quality doggy coat and avoid walks during the coldest parts of the day.
Pharaoh Hounds haven’t been as domesticated as many other sighthounds, meaning they’re prone to more unusual behaviours such as coprophagia (poop-eating!)
A highly affectionate dog. Thrives off the close company of its owner and family. Often “smiles” when being stroked or cuddled.
This dog has a real playful side. They love playing games that awaken their hunting instincts. They love to run and chase.
The Pharaoh Hound is an intense, active animal. They’re always on the move and always ready to play or work.
Sighthounds are known for being intelligent creatures. They’re curious, eager, and are always trying to please their owners. Capable of understanding a wide range of complex obedience commands.
Everything about these dogs is designed for hunting and tracking. The Pharaoh Hound is a quick, explosive animal. They also have loads of stamina and can track their prey for hours on end.
Fearful / wary of strangers
Prefers to keep a distance from strangers. Has a tendency to be rather aloof or shy.
These naturally obedient dogs need routine and structure. They require a strong “pack” leader who is willing to invest a lot of time into the dog’s development.
Behaviour of the Pharaoh Hound
These social dogs were bred to work and live alongside humans. They need lots of company and shouldn’t be left alone for long periods of time.
Easy to train / obedience
Responds really well to reward based training methods. Naturally intelligent and obedient. Thrives off positive reinforcement.
Generally quiet, but they can make lots of noise when playing or working. A poorly socialised Pharaoh Hound will bark long into the night.
Tendency to run away
Keeping a close eye on these dogs is really important. They’re very curious creatures with a high-prey drive. This makes them a significant “flight-risk.”