Other names: Oriental Longhair, Mandarin


Their lustrous, silky fur and slender bodies give these beautiful cats a refined look. You won’t be able to stop yourself from falling under their sweet, pure and intense charm. Their appearance is delicate, yet they are both muscular and flexible.  Only their “brothers”, Orientals, are even close to being considered their equals. However, their meowing can be infuriating... and they are generally described as difficult and loud cats.

Key facts about the Javanese

Life expectancy :





Temperament :

Playful Intelligent

Type of coat :

Naked Short Long

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Origins and history

This superb breed appeared in England in the fifties. After the Second World War, creative breeders crossed Siamese with existing breeds such as the British Shorthair and even domestic cats. The kittens born from this cross breeding were subsequently crossed with other Siamese. A few years later, only colour differentiated Siamese from Orientals, the latter did not have the Siamese’s "pointed" features. The wide variety of colours produced led breeders attributing breeds to all different colours of these cat, such as the brown variety being known as Havana Browns. However, far too many colours were produced to give each one a separate breed name!  Thus, short-haired cats were simply named Oriental Shorthairs, and long-haired cats are known as Oriental Longhairs or Javanese/Mandarins. In 1970, both breeds started to appear in the United States.

Physical characteristics of the Javanese

Adult size

Female : Approximately 12 in

Male : Approximately 12 in

Javanese reach adult size between 9 and 12 months of age.


Female : Between 4 and 11 lb

Male : Between 7 and 13 lb

Coat colour

Type of coat

Eye colour



Like all Oriental cats, Javanese are long and slender. They may look delicate, but they are in fact powerful and agile cats.

Good to know

Javanese are very similar to mid-length Orientals. In Europe, they are also known as Mandarins.


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    These cats do love their owners’ love and attention!

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    Just like their short haired brothers, Javanese love to play, and will regularly ask you to play with them!

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    These cats are definitely not known for relaxing...they recover quickly from their play sessions and are always looking for new activities.

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    There is no doubt that these cats are very intelligent. They’ll regularly impress you with their cunning and ingenuity.

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    Fearful / wary of strangers

    It is essential to introduce Javanese to as many people as possible while they’re young to give them the chance to get used to strangers and thus not fear them.

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    Independent is definitely not a word used to describe this breed...They are renowned for constantly seeking their owners’ attention. If you want a clingy cat, this breed is for you!

    Behaviour of the Javanese

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      If you don’t like meowing, it might be worth investing in some earplugs with these talkative cats! They always have something to say and won’t hesitate to tell you all about it when you get back in from work.

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      Need for exercise / Sporty

      Exercise must be an integral part of their daily lives, and they absolutely love to have their owner as a playmate!

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      Tendency to run away

      Taking preventative measures is highly recommended! Like with all active breeds, there is a risk of them running away, as their adventurous side can sometimes get the better of them!

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      Greedy / Gluttony

      Due to their high energy levels, you must take care to provide them with quality food and adequate portions based on their activity and weight to prevent them from overeating.

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      Is the Javanese right for you?

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        Javanese and cats

        Javanese can easily cohabit with other Javanese or cats of a different breed as long as presentations have been made in the right way and they all have their own space, with plenty of high hiding places!

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        Javanese and dogs

        As long as the cat is gradually introduced to his canine companion (to let them get used to each other), these two can get on like a house on fire!

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        Javanese and children

        This relationship is often beautiful because they both can benefit. Your cat will find that they’ve met their match with a respectful child who will play with them and share in their moments of joy.

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        Javanese and the elderly

        The quiet lifestyle of an elderly person is the antithesis of the needs of these cats. Their dissonant meowings can also be extremely irritating. Therefore this combination is not recommended.



        We do not have enough data to set an average price for a Javanese cat as it is a very rare cat breed. However, depending on their lineage, upbringing, age and sex, the price will vary. It will also cost around £25 a month to keep them in good health, provide them with good quality food and meet their needs.


        Maintenance of a Javanese is fairly simple, given their lack of an undercoat. Weekly brushing using a fine comb, to prevent knots from forming is usually sufficient.


        Despite their mid-length coat, they only shed a very small amount of fur. However, during their moulting periods, they can lose significant amounts of fur and require more frequent brushing.

        Nutrition of the Javanese

        Your vet is the most qualified person to provide you with information regarding the best food to give your Javanese to keep them healthy.

        Health of the Javanese

        Life expectancy

        Javanese live between 10 and 20 years, with an average life expectancy of 15 years.

        Strong / robust

        Due to their lack of an undercoat, these cats don’t deal well with cold temperatures.

        Tendency to put on weight

        These cats usually expend so much energy that they have no predisposition to obesity as they burn so many calories.

        Common illnesses

        Progressive retinal atrophy: this disease is hereditary. It causes blindness in  the affected cat over a short period of time. The disease can manifest itself at any point in the cat’s life. When it appears later in their life, it develops gradually, so that the cat has a reasonable amount of  time to adapt to its blindness. However, if the cat is affected at a young age, their blindness is more severe and the cat has very little time to adapt. 

        Kidney amyloidosis: is also a hereditary disease, and is fortunately quite unusual. Unfortunately, the outcome is fatal. In addition, the disease is becoming more and more widespread and clinical signs commonly appear between the ages of 1 and 5 years. Renal amyloidosis can easily be confused with classic renal failure because the symptoms are very similar, but kidney amyloidosis is more devastating. There is currently no screening test for this disease, but science is constantly evolving, so it will not be long before one is found.
        Javanese can also suffer from the same diseases as other domestic cats, such as oral diseases.


        Crossbreeding with Siamese, Balinese and Orientals are permitted.

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