Basset Fauve de Bretagne

Other names: Fawn Brittany Basset

Basset Fauve de Bretagne
Basset Fauve de Bretagne

The Basset Fauve de Bretagne is more commonly seen in France than elsewhere in the world. The breed is thought to have originated in Brittany, France’s north-westernmost region (hence its name). The breed was introduced into the UK in 1983 and was registered as a rare breed in 2007. 

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Key facts about the Basset Fauve de Bretagne

  • Life expectancy : Between 13 and 15 years
  • Temperament : Playful, Calm, Hunter
  • Size : Small
  • Type of coat : Short, Hard
  • Price : Between £400 and £1

FCI Group

FCI Group

Group 6 - Scent hounds and related breeds

Section

Section 1 : Scent hounds

Physical characteristics of the Basset Fauve de Bretagne

Adult size

Female dog Between 13 and 15 in
Male dog Between 13 and 15 in

Weight

Female dog Between 31 and 35 lb
Male dog Between 31 and 35 lb

Coat colour

These dogs are usually seen of fawn or wheaten colours and sometimes of ‘red brick’. 

Type of coat

Rough, short and wiry. 

Eye colour

Dark brown

Description

A short-legged dog and long in the body; the head of the Bretagne is domed, longish and well-proportioned. The Bretagne’s ears are quite long, end in a point and turn inwards towards the cheek. When active the dog’s thick tail is carried up and over its top line.

Temperament

Affectionate

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Cheerful and confident, the Bretagne is a loving and loyal companion of people of all ages.  

Playful

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Bretagnes are playful and like to be the centre of attention; they have a tendency to be mischievous and cheeky. 

Calm

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A stable and even-tempered dog, the Bretagne is not easily upset or made nervous. 

Intelligent

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The Basset Bretagne is reasonably intelligent.

Hunter

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This dog was originally bred to hunt small game and its prey instinct is still piqued by the scents of rabbits, squirrels and foxes. It is a courageous and wily dog. 

Fearful / wary of strangers

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The Bretagne tends to be welcoming of new people.

Independent

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This is an independent dog that has its own agenda and won’t be swayed by owners who lack confidence and firmness. 

Behaviour of the Basset Fauve de Bretagne

Tolerates solitude

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The Basset Fauve de Bretagne does not like to be left alone for long periods of time.

Easy to train / obedience

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To train the Basset Bretagne requires the owner to deliver consistent and confident training. This is a dog that is easily distracted and quick to boredom. 

Barking

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This dog has a tendency to bark to excess. According to some owners its bark is ‘deep and musical’. 

Tendency to run away

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The Basset Bretagne is hard to recall. It may not hear your command if it is focused on a particularly interesting scent. Reinforcing the recall command is useful and may be an effective strategy with some dogs, but the words ‘come here’ are not normally found in a Bretagne’s vocabulary. 

Destructive

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The Bretagne can be destructive if left on its own for long periods of time. 

Greedy / Gluttony

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The juvenile Bretagne is a greedy dog but the older Bretagne can be a fussy eater. It may take a while for the owner to find a type of food that is to the dog’s liking. 

Guard dog

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The Bretagne is a watchful and alert dog but not overly aggressive. It will bark to make its pack aware of the approach of a stranger. 

First dog

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The Basset Bretagne is a suitable first dog; the inexperienced dog owner should still take their time to learn about the breed and its foibles.

Lifestyle

Basset Fauve de Bretagne in a flat

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The Basset Bretagne will be happy to live in a flat as long as it is regularly exercised. Ideally, access to a fenced garden would suit this dog.

Need for exercise / Sporty

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The Bretagne needs a good amount of exercise every day. 

Travelling / easy to transport

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Once trained, a Basset Bretagne is comfortable with travel. To house the dog in a crate is sensible; make sure the dog is properly crate trained first. 

Compatibility

Basset Fauve de Bretagne and cats

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The Basset Bretagne is reasonably tolerant of animals with which it has been brought up, but is still liable to bully a non-canine.  

Basset Fauve de Bretagne and dogs

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Generally speaking, the Basset Bretagne gets on with other dogs. 

Basset Fauve de Bretagne and children

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On the whole this breed is kind and placid with children and is tolerant of their boisterous play.

Basset Fauve de Bretagne and the elderly

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The Bretagne is an excellent dog for people of senior years. The dog prefers to live in a household where at least one person is present for the majority of the time. 

Price

A purebred puppy can cost you anywhere between £400 and £1,000 to buy. Cost of care will be £120 to £150 per month.

Grooming

Brush once or twice a week to prevent the coat from becoming tangled and matted. Hand-stripping of the coat at least twice a year is required of the Bretagne. 

Shedding

The Bretagne sheds only a small amount of hair throughout the year. 

Nutrition of the Basset Fauve de Bretagne

It is worthwhile to feed a Basset Bretagne a high-quality and specially formulated dog food.

Health of the Basset Fauve de Bretagne

Life expectancy

A healthy breed of dog with no known genetic abnormalities or proneness to disease, it's life expectancy is 11 to 14 years.

Strong / robust

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This is an active and courageous dog that likes nothing better than a day of outdoor exploration. 

Withstand heat

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The Bretagne is not very tolerant of hot temperatures. Special care must be taken of the Basset Bretagne during the summer months.

Withstand cold

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The Bretagne is tolerant of cold temperatures and wet weather. 

Tendency to put on weight

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The Basset Bretagne is prone to weight gain. If your dog is not exercised as regularly as it should be and is fed too much human or substandard food it will quickly become obese

Common illnesses

Good to know

A hound such as the Bretagne is unlikely to be obedient all of the time. Bretagnes are independent dogs that require a firm (but fair) and consistent training regime. An owner that affords a dog of this breed too much behavioural leeway will eventually be challenged by the Bretagne for Top Dog position. 

Origins and history

The breed is thought to have arisen from various crosses with the extinct Grand Fauve de Bretagne. Originally bred in Brittany, France, the dog’s skills of hunting were put to use first by the gentry of the Revolution and later by the commoners. The breed was brought to the UK in the 1980s. Its popularity, although risen since then, remains relatively unexceptional. 

Names

Brittany, Brianne, Malo, Breizh

Find out more dog name ideas here

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