Jack Russell Terrier
Other names: Jack Russell
Wamiz's Top Breed
The Jack Russell Terrier is a typical Terrier; lively, alert, active, fiery, and intelligent. They are bold and fearless, friendly, but confident. As a very playful and sociable dog, they are extremely energetic and often hyperactive, with a need for a lot of exercise. They enjoy long walks, though it is advised not to let them off the lead in a forest, unless you want to find them digging into a burrow!
Key facts about the Jack Russell Terrier
Origins and history
The Jack Russell Terrier originates from England in the 19th century, where Reverend John (Jack) Russell selected a type of dog that could run like the Foxhound and go underground to hunt foxes and other game. He thus developed two breeds: one with longer legs, the Parson Jack Russell, and the other with shorter legs, the Jack Russell. The breed was only officially recognised in 2016.
Physical characteristics of the Jack Russell Terrier
Female : Between 10 and 12 in
Male : Between 10 and 12 in
Female : Between 11 and 13 lb
Male : Between 11 and 13 lb
Their coat is predominantly white with black and/or tan markings (ranging from light to dark fawn).
Their eyes are dark.
The Jack Russell Terrier is a working Terrier that is robust, active and agile, with a strong personality. Their flexible body is of medium length, and longer than it is tall. Their eyes are small and almond-shaped, with a lively expression.
Good to know
Although robust, this dog is not immune to hereditary diseases which are sometimes the result of inbreeding. It is also important to pay attention when choosing your pet, as some Jack Russells are predisposed to hyperactivity and can be more difficult to handle.
Despite their strong hunting instincts, these working dogs remain very good companions, affectionate and tender towards members of their adoptive family.
A little mischievous, Jack Russells like to entertain and spend time playing with their friends, and even more so with children.
Fearless, lively and very alert, this Terrier is anything but calm. Although Jack Russells know how to juggle both their job and companionship perfectly, they remain very energetic and should never be considered solely as a dog for pleasure.
The Jack Russell Terrier is very clever and has a lot of potential, both for hunting and other dog sports. Although they aren’t "easy" to train, when a good bond is established between the owner and dog, very good results can be achieved.The Jack Russell Terrier is a hunter, to say the least. They have an incredible sense of smell and impressive determination when it comes to the search and pursuit of prey. They can hunt both underground (fox, badger, coypu) and on land (wild boar, rabbit). In this respect, they make the perfect companion for hunters. On the other hand, the Jack Russell will not kill; they are chosen for their bark rather than their bite.
The Jack Russell Terrier is a hunter, to say the least. They have an incredible sense of smell and impressive determination when it comes to the search and pursuit of prey. They can hunt both underground (fox, badger, coypu) and on land (wild boar, rabbit). In this respect, they make the perfect companion for hunters. On the other hand, the Jack Russell will not kill; they are chosen for their bark rather than their bite.
Fearful / wary of strangers
Naturally kind and friendly, the Jack Russell Terrier can be distant if he feels a certain animosity from someone. On the other hand, they aren’t commonly aggressive or bitey. If this is the case, it is because the dog is either the result of a bad breeding (often due to the popularity and high demand for the breed since its official recognition), or because they did not socialise enough during their early months as a puppy.
Although Jack Russells love family life, their hunting instinct means they are naturally independent.
Behaviour of the Jack Russell Terrier
Loneliness is not generally a problem for Jack Russells, as long as they were progressively exposed to the absence of their owner as a puppy, to which they responded positively.
Easy to train / obedience
Like any good Terrier, this dog has a hell of a temperament. They are not easy to handle and both their docility and ability to concentrate can be very fragile. Nevertheless, as long as their trainer’s attitude is firm, clear and rules have been established early on, the Jack Russell will be obedient. The most important thing with this working dog is to acknowledge their working capacity. Being very dynamic, this small dog can have difficulties concentrating. In fact, the optimum training sessions should be short and always end positively. In addition, positive training, through play and reward, has proven to be very beneficial to this playful and greedy breed.
When hunting, this dog uses barking to signal when they are close to prey. At home, they may bark when they are bored, when they are left alone for too long, when guests arrive or when they are excited.