Beauceron

Other names: Berger de Beauce, Bas-Rouge, Beauce Shepherd

Beauceron

The Beauceron, also known as the Bas-Rouge or the Berger de Beauce, is a working dog. This dog can adapt to a number of lifestyles as long as its needs are met. Very attached to its social group, the Beauceron will readily protect it if needed and is often wary of strangers. Of large size and impressive strength, this dog is not a suitable pet for everyone. A firm yet gentle hand will be necessary to look after this dog properly, whether you’re keeping it as a sheepdog or a pet.

Key facts about the Beauceron

Life expectancy :

5

17

10

12

Temperament :

Playful Intelligent

Size :

Origins and history

The Beauceron, Berger de Beauce or Bas-Rouge are all names stemming from the end of the 19th century, which described all French Shepherd dogs of the same type. “Bas-Rouge” originates from the fact that many Beaucerons have tan “socks” on their paws. These dogs were (and still are) mainly bred for cattle herding. They were first seen in 1896 in a dog show, but the breed is very old. It descended from what paleontologists call the Peat Bog dog, but the Gaulish Mastiff and Great Dane also feature in its ancestry. Beauce is a French plain, from where the Beauceron did not necessarily originate from.

FCI breed nomenclature

FCI Group

Group 1 - Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs)

Section

Section 1 : Sheepdogs

Physical characteristics of the Beauceron

    Adult size

    Female : Between 24 and 27 in

    Male : Between 26 and 28 in

    Weight

    Female : Between 66 and 88 lb

    Male : Between 66 and 88 lb

    Coat colour

    Black
    Blue
    Red

    Type of coat

    Short

    Eye colour

    Brown

    Description

    The Beauceron’s build, often confused with the Doberman’s, is hardy and robust. The tail hangs low and the hind legs sport dewclaws, a distinctive characteristic of the breed. Beaucerons have a long head, with a flat or slightly curved skull, a subtle stop, with the muzzle expanding outwards. The eyes are very dark and ears flat and quite short.

    Good to know

    Thanks to their intelligence and versatility, Beaucerons can equally be used in the police force, for rescue and protection purposes.

    Temperament

    • 66%

      Affectionate

      These friendly giants are very loyal pets. They will like everyone in their social group, but will usually have a preference for one person. This person will be the one they trust the most.

    • 100%

      Playful

      Bergers de Beauces have a lot of energy to burn off. They love playing, even if their enthusiasm sometimes exceeds their fitness levels.

    • 66%

      Calm

      This breed’s official standards describes them as wise and brave. These two qualities sum up their balanced temperament well. Their energy levels aren’t excessive, and they tend to be quite calm.

    • 100%

      Intelligent

      Very versatile, Beaucerons are incredibly intelligent. They can adapt to a number of lifestyles and will make great partners on a farm.

      Like many sheepdogs, they will quickly understand what’s being asked of them, as long as the commands are coherent and fair.

    • 66%

      Hunter

      Their predatory instinct isn’t excessively developed. This trait can easily be worn down with the right training.

    • 100%

      Fearful / wary of strangers

      Very trustworthy, this French sheepdog is wary of strangers, while not seeming excessively scared or being aggressive.

      Their trust must be earned by those that come into contact with them, which can make communication challenging at times, but definitely not impossible.

    • 66%

      Independent

      These sheepdogs are very attached to their social group, but remain nonetheless working dogs with a lot of initiative, in whom their master should trust.

      They undoubtedly seek to please their master, but will also be fulfilled by their own happiness in their work.

      Behaviour of the Beauceron

      • 66%

        Tolerates solitude

        Bas-Rouges definitely aren’t loners, but can nonetheless tolerate the absence of their masters, as long as they have the freedom to burn off their energy and have access to a few toys in the house.

      • 66%

        Easy to train / obedience

        While these working dogs can make great pets, their strong character can sometimes make them quite challenging to train. They should therefore be trained at a very young age.

        Their owner must employ a firm hand, while never tipping over into aggressive territory. Physical or psychological violence will only serve to scare Beaucerons. If they feel pressured, sense incoherence and injustice, or worse, feel mistreated, these sheepdogs won’t hesitate to turn their back on their master.

        This dog’s cooperation will only be gained if its needs are met and its well-being is respected. Trust needs to be present on both sides to get the best results.

      • 33%

        Barking

        Bergers de Beauces rarely bark, if ever, except for when they deem it necessary. Otherwise, they’re a relatively discrete dog.

      • 33%

        Tendency to run away

        Like all sheepdogs, Beaucerons prefer to stay in their familiar environment in order to protect their group. Even if they don’t work by a cattle breeder’s side, Beaucerons are very loyal to their loved ones, so running away goes against their nature.

      • 66%