Dog Breeds > Samoyed
|Alternate Names||Samoiedskaïa Sabaka, Samoyed Dog|
|Group||Spitz and Primitive Type|
|Section||Nordic Sled Dog|
The Samoyed is a very beautiful, medium-sized, Spitz-type dog that displays its Nordic origins very well with its small, erected, hairy ears, its fluffy tail, and its thick coat. It is, perhaps, the most obvious of all Type-5 dogs, with its white coat and its classic, breed-distinctive “smile”. Its head is shaped like a wedge, with a skull that is large, flat, and of a medium-length. It also has a sharp but not too thin snout. Its eyes are slanted, very dark, and deep with a lively look. Its ears are straight, but not too long, and slightly rounded at the tip. It has a deep chest and a medium-length, broad, and muscled back. The paws are straight and muscular, with good bones.
Fur: straight, hard, non-pending; quite long but never wavy, nor curly. The undercoat is thick, dense, soft and shot.
Color: pure white, biscuit and white.
Size: about 52.5 cm for the male and 45.5 cm for the female.
Weight: 20 to 30 kg.
Origins and History
Its most ancient origins are Nordic and common to the other sled dogs. Its name comes from the far-North-Samoyed tribe that selected it for its purity. However, their dogs weren’t white, and it even seems as though the dominant color was black. The white color was initiated through the modern breeding of the race, which started in both the USA and the UK from two Samoyed-raised types of dog: the “bear type” and the “wolf type”. After a time of uncertainty, the fatherhood of the breed was given to the UK, but the Samoyed is definitely linked to northern Russia and Siberia under the Nordic Kennel Union (NKU).
Character and Abilities
It is a very sweet and affectionate dog but, like other Nordic dogs, it is rather independent. It is, however, the most docile of the group, and it loves children. Born to be a sled dog, it is today used mostly as a pet or exhibition dog. It shouldn’t be used for guard and defense tasks, as they are not at all suitable to the breed. Even when old, the Samoyed is still a very friendly and playful dog. Due to its stubbornness and lack of obedience, it is not a dog suited to everybody. As with all Nordic dogs, it is important not only to consider its beauty when choosing it, but to weigh the pros and cons before making a decision. Another slightly negative detail: the Samoyed barks a lot.