Dog Breeds > Samoyed



Alternate NamesSamoiedskaïa Sabaka, Samoyed Dog
GroupSpitz and Primitive Type
SectionNordic Sled Dog

Samoyed Profile

Robust (Health)
Supports Loneliness
Need Exercise
Easy To Maintain
Easy to Train
Nice Child
Agreement with Animals
First Dog
Able to Guard

Physical Characteristics

The Samoyed is a very beautiful, medium-sized, Spitz-type dog that displays its Nordic origins very well with its small, erected, hairy ears, its fluffy tail, and its thick coat. It is, perhaps, the most obvious of all Type-5 dogs, with its white coat and its classic, breed-distinctive “smile”. Its head is shaped like a wedge, with a skull that is large, flat, and of a medium-length. It also has a sharp but not too thin snout. Its eyes are slanted, very dark, and deep with a lively look. Its ears are straight, but not too long, and slightly rounded at the tip. It has a deep chest and a medium-length, broad, and muscled back. The paws are straight and muscular, with good bones.

Fur: straight, hard, non-pending; quite long but never wavy, nor curly. The undercoat is thick, dense, soft and shot.

Color: pure white, biscuit and white.

Size: about 52.5 cm for the male and 45.5 cm for the female.

Weight: 20 to 30 kg.

Origins and History

Its most ancient origins are Nordic and common to the other sled dogs. Its name comes from the far-North-Samoyed tribe that selected it for its purity. However, their dogs weren’t white, and it even seems as though the dominant color was black. The white color was initiated through the modern breeding of the race, which started in both the USA and the UK from two Samoyed-raised types of dog: the “bear type” and the “wolf type”. After a time of uncertainty, the fatherhood of the breed was given to the UK, but the Samoyed is definitely linked to northern Russia and Siberia under the Nordic Kennel Union (NKU).

Character and Abilities

It is a very sweet and affectionate dog but, like other Nordic dogs, it is rather independent. It is, however, the most docile of the group, and it loves children. Born to be a sled dog, it is today used mostly as a pet or exhibition dog. It shouldn’t be used for guard and defense tasks, as they are not at all suitable to the breed. Even when old, the Samoyed is still a very friendly and playful dog. Due to its stubbornness and lack of obedience, it is not a dog suited to everybody. As with all Nordic dogs, it is important not only to consider its beauty when choosing it, but to weigh the pros and cons before making a decision. Another slightly negative detail: the Samoyed barks a lot.

Living Conditions

Preferably outdoor as the heat of an apartment in winter won’t allow the coat to express all of its beauty.


It is a very robust dog that lives for a long time. It can normally live where it is very cold, but does not fear the heat either, as its coat is a great “thermoregulator.”

Average life expectancy: about 12 years.

Information and Tips

The Samoyed should never have a “living room life,” because behind its elegance is a very rustic athlete who needs constant exercise.

Samoyed Articles

Siberian heroes: Samoyeds make it to safety.

Investigators recue dozens of freezing dogs from cruel pup farm

America’s ASPCA Field Investigations and Response have saved nearly 170 dogs from a life of cruelty in a stunning swoop on an Iowa breeding complex. The pet detectives had been working on the case...

Samoyed Pictures

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