Dog Breeds > Pug
|Alternate Names||Mops, Pug|
|Group||Pet Dog / Companion Dog|
|Section||Small Format Molosser|
Varieties: a) fawn and black; b) black; c) silver; d) apricot and black.
It is a real molosser in all aspects, except for the fact that it is in a bonsai format! It is a compact, squared and muscular dog with a round head, a short and squared snout, and large and deep wrinkles. Its big eyes protrude prominently, while the ears are small and can be shaped like a rose (bent backward to discover part of the pavilion) or a button (with the tip stuck to the skull). The latter form is preferred. Its body is short and compact, with a large chest. The tail is twisted and coiled tightly on the hip; the double curl is highly sought. Its paws are strong, straight, and of medium length.
Fur: short, soft and straight.
Color: according to the variety, the Pug can be silver, apricot or fawn and black. Pugs with a light color always have a black mask that resembles that of a Harlequin.
Size: 30 to 40 cm for the males and 29 to 36 cm for the females.
Weight: 6.3 to 8.1 kg.
Origins and History
The Pug has an ancient origin. It was selected in China, where it was the Mandarins’ favorite dog, but it is also very popular in the Netherlands and in the UK. These two countries both claimed the paternity of the breed based on their excellent selection efforts, which they have implemented for ages. In the end, however, the paternity went to the UK. There have been difficult moments for the breed, but it is now widely appreciated again and quite popular.
Character and Abilities
The Pug is an extremely friendly small dog that is very sweet with everyone. Although its owner is the most important person, the Pug is ready to be pampered by anyone – even strangers. It loves having visitors and usually adopts human-like behaviors instead of dog-like attitudes (for example it watches TV and sleeps on a bed with its head on the pillow). It has a good sense of humor and loves to play jokes. Despite its “gruffly” look, it has the character of a true companion dog and is reliable in all circumstances.
Its eyes are its weakness, as they are sensitive to inflammation and can easily become reddish. They must be cleaned daily. Like all other flat-nose dogs, it also suffers easily from heat. Females can have difficult deliveries and, often, a caesarean section is necessary. It is also necessary to monitor its growth phase, as it is quite fragile.
Average life expectancy: about 11 years.
Information and Tips
Despite its fragile appearance, if well cared for, the Pug can be a robust dog that rarely falls ill. It is, however, important to choose a dog from a good line because, like all small molossers, the wrong selection can generate an increase in the dog’s size and the occurrence of health problems.