Dog Breeds > Golden Retriever
|Alternate Names||Golden Retriever|
|Group||Working Dog, Water Dog, Gun Dog|
Golden Retriever Profile
The Golden Retriever is a symmetrical, powerful, active dog, who is sound and put together well. The Golden Retriever is neither clumsy nor long in the leg, displaying a kindly expression and possessing a personality that is eager, alert and self-confident. Primarily a hunting dog, it should be shown in hard working condition. Its overall appearance, balance, gait and purpose should be given more emphasis than any of its component parts. Possible faults include any departure from the described ideal that interferes with the breed’s purpose, or is contrary to breed character.
Fur: straight or wavy, with moderate feathering. Thick and water-repellent undercoat.
Color: all shades from golden to cream are acceptable, but not red or mahogany.
Size: 56 to 61 cm for the males and 51 to 56 cm for the females.
Weight: about 30 kg.
Origins and History
The recognition of the breed is pretty recent, since it only happened in 1931, but almost nothing is known if the breed’s history. Only legends are known to this day, the most famous being that in 1858, Lord Tweedmouth bought a couple of clear coat Caucasian Shepherd dogs that he had seen working in a circus. For each breeding, he would keep only the “golden” puppies to fix the recessive coat. Another theory on the origin of the breed is that it had come from the breeding of a sand-colored Saint-Hubert (bloodhound) with a Water Spaniel (today extinct). Another legend states that the breed comes from Nous, a yellow dog born from the breeding of a Water Spaniel and a Flat-coated Retriever.
Character and Abilities
The Golden Retriever has an exceptional character – it is perfect for children and sweet with elderly people. Strong and robust, it is a friend for walks and an admirable partner for hunters. It is also a dog that needs attention and a lot of time dedicated to it due to its need for human companionship. It feels like a full member of the family, wants to have a full role in the family and likes to be useful and participate in all activities. It is a very agile fetcher while hunting, especially in the water.
It is a very robust dog. Even though the Golden Retriever is a water working dog with a water-repellent coat, it is important to dry its fur once it gets out of the water, especially at the base of the tail. If the tail is not adequately dried, the dog could suffer from the “broken tail” syndrome: a painful contraction of the adductor muscles that leads the dog to incorrectly carry its tail, exactly as if it was broken.
Average life expectancy: about 12 years.