Dog Breeds > Golden Retriever

Golden Retriever

Golden Retriever

Alternate NamesGolden Retriever
OriginGreat Britain
GroupWorking Dog, Water Dog, Gun Dog
SectionGame Fetcher

Golden Retriever Profile

Robust (Health)
Supports Loneliness
Need Exercise
Easy To Maintain
Easy to Train
Nice Child
Agreement with Animals
First Dog
Able to Guard

Physical Characteristics

The Golden Retriever is a symmetrical, powerful, active dog, who is sound and put together well. The Golden Retriever is neither clumsy nor long in the leg, displaying a kindly expression and possessing a personality that is eager, alert and self-confident. Primarily a hunting dog, it should be shown in hard working condition. Its overall appearance, balance, gait and purpose should be given more emphasis than any of its component parts. Possible faults include any departure from the described ideal that interferes with the breed’s purpose, or is contrary to breed character.

Fur: straight or wavy, with moderate feathering. Thick and water-repellent undercoat.

Color: all shades from golden to cream are acceptable, but not red or mahogany.

Size: 56 to 61 cm for the males and 51 to 56 cm for the females.

Weight: about 30 kg.

Origins and History

The recognition of the breed is pretty recent, since it only happened in 1931, but almost nothing is known if the breed’s history. Only legends are known to this day, the most famous being that in 1858, Lord Tweedmouth bought a couple of clear coat Caucasian Shepherd dogs that he had seen working in a circus. For each breeding, he would keep only the “golden” puppies to fix the recessive coat. Another theory on the origin of the breed is that it had come from the breeding of a sand-colored Saint-Hubert (bloodhound) with a Water Spaniel (today extinct). Another legend states that the breed comes from Nous, a yellow dog born from the breeding of a Water Spaniel and a Flat-coated Retriever.

Character and Abilities

The Golden Retriever has an exceptional character – it is perfect for children and sweet with elderly people. Strong and robust, it is a friend for walks and an admirable partner for hunters. It is also a dog that needs attention and a lot of time dedicated to it due to its need for human companionship. It feels like a full member of the family, wants to have a full role in the family and likes to be useful and participate in all activities. It is a very agile fetcher while hunting, especially in the water.

Living Conditions

The Golden Retriever can live both indoors and outdoors. It would be happier in a house with a garden but can easily acclimatize to living in an apartment if taken out often enough.


It is a very robust dog. Even though the Golden Retriever is a water working dog with a water-repellent coat, it is important to dry its fur once it gets out of the water, especially at the base of the tail. If the tail is not adequately dried, the dog could suffer from the “broken tail” syndrome: a painful contraction of the adductor muscles that leads the dog to incorrectly carry its tail, exactly as if it was broken.

Average life expectancy: about 12 years.

Information and Tips

“Golden” does not mean “Gold-coated dog”, but rather “Gold dog” or “gold fetcher,” which relates to the dog’s ability to retrieve valuable things. Not all Golden Retrievers are golden in color – they are often beige or cream, which is very beautiful as well.

Golden Retriever Articles

Life-saving Golden Retriever becomes local hero

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There are two kinds of dogs in this video: one that loves mud, and one that REALLY loves mud! Can you guess which is which?There’s no wrong way to enjoy a mud puddle, but...

Dog Follows Street View Photographer, and Photobombs Each and Every Photo

Are you a fan of using virtual maps to explore new places? Well, you’re in for a treat, because these pictures - taken in Ulleung-gun, Gyeongbuk, South Korea - not only give you a...

Golden Retriever Hilariously Refuses to Give up Her Pacifier, Has Giant Meltdown

As much as babies love their pacifiers, dogs love them just as much - or maybe more! In all the dog pacifier videos we’ve seen, the pooches just flat out refuse to give them...

How Many of You Have a Friend Like This?

“So, two dogs jump into a hot tub….”Okay, there’s no punchline to this joke, except for the hyped up retriever, the uber-chill husky and the cute music they threw in to make it funnier....

This Golden Retriever Puppy Is Pretty Puzzled by His Lemon Slice. We Just Can’t...

Gunnar, the 8-week-old Golden Retriever, is determined to figure out the lemon slice. But, it’s just not going to be that easy...

Daddy Dog Asks Mama Dog to Say ‘Hello’ to Their Puppies

This sweet new dad just wants to say 'hi' to his puppies, but he's so polite he asks mama first. Just watch what he does to see if it's okay to approach his babies!

Golden Retriever Pictures

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