Dog Breeds > German Spitz
|Alternate Names||Pomeranian, Wolf Spitz, Keeshond, Large Spitz, German Spitz|
|Group||Spitz and Primitive Type|
German Spitz Profile
Varieties: a) Wolfspitz; b) Großspitz (large Spitz); c) Medium Spitz (Mittel); d) Miniature Spitz (Klein); and e) Dwarf Spitz (Zwergspitz), also called the Pomeranian.
All these Spitz are characterized by a smooth and dense coat with a rich undercoat, a collar around its head, and a thick plume on the tail, which is gracefully curled over the back. The head resembles that of the fox, with erect and triangular ears; the eyes are slanted and the forehead is round and wide. The snout is not very long and it narrows, starting from the skull to the tip of the nose. The paws are of medium length, well proportioned with a squared trunk, and are perfectly plumb.
Color: each variety is divided into subcategories by color. Wolfspitz: gray. Large Spitz: white, brown or black. Medium and Miniature Spitz: white, brown, black, sable, gray, or other colors. Dwarf Spitz: all colors are permitted.
Size: 22 to 38 cm.
Weight: 3 to 20 kg.
Origins and History
These are very old dogs that descend directly from Canis familiaris palustris Rutimeyer, who lived in bogs during the Stone Age. The Spitz existed at the time of the lake dwellings of the Neolithic period. The German names of the different varieties are Wolfspitz, Grosspitz (large), Mittelspitz (medium), Kleinspitz (miniature) and Zwergspitz (dwarf).
Character and Abilities
The Spitz are joyful, happy, affectionate and quite reserved with strangers. The Spitz are mostly pet dogs, but larger Spitz (including the Wolfspitz) also have good guarding skills. They are easy to educate and train, and they can be very good companions for children who are at an age to respect the dog.