Dog Breeds > German Spitz

German Spitz

German Spitz

Alternate NamesPomeranian, Wolf Spitz, Keeshond, Large Spitz, German Spitz
GroupSpitz and Primitive Type
SectionEuropean Spitz

German Spitz Profile

Robust (Health)
Supports Loneliness
Need Exercise
Easy To Maintain
Easy to Train
Nice Child
Agreement with Animals
First Dog
Able to Guard

Physical Characteristics

Varieties: a) Wolfspitz; b) Großspitz (large Spitz); c) Medium Spitz (Mittel); d) Miniature Spitz (Klein); and e) Dwarf Spitz (Zwergspitz), also called the Pomeranian.

All these Spitz are characterized by a smooth and dense coat with a rich undercoat, a collar around its head, and a thick plume on the tail, which is gracefully curled over the back. The head resembles that of the fox, with erect and triangular ears; the eyes are slanted and the forehead is round and wide. The snout is not very long and it narrows, starting from the skull to the tip of the nose. The paws are of medium length, well proportioned with a squared trunk, and are perfectly plumb.

Color: each variety is divided into subcategories by color. Wolfspitz: gray. Large Spitz: white, brown or black. Medium and Miniature Spitz: white, brown, black, sable, gray, or other colors. Dwarf Spitz: all colors are permitted.

Size: 22 to 38 cm.

Weight: 3 to 20 kg.

Origins and History

These are very old dogs that descend directly from Canis familiaris palustris Rutimeyer, who lived in bogs during the Stone Age. The Spitz existed at the time of the lake dwellings of the Neolithic period. The German names of the different varieties are Wolfspitz, Grosspitz (large), Mittelspitz (medium), Kleinspitz (miniature) and Zwergspitz (dwarf).

Character and Abilities

The Spitz are joyful, happy, affectionate and quite reserved with strangers. The Spitz are mostly pet dogs, but larger Spitz (including the Wolfspitz) also have good guarding skills. They are easy to educate and train, and they can be very good companions for children who are at an age to respect the dog.

Living Conditions

The small and dwarf Spitz are apartment dogs, although they do not fear the cold. Larger Spitz may well live in a garden.


Spitz tend to fatten, so attention must be paid to their diet before they develop serious health problems. Otherwise, they are very strong dogs.

Average life expectancy: about 14 years.

Information and Tips

The coat of the Spitz requires care, especially for the exhibition dogs.

German Spitz Aricles

German Spitz Pictures

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