Dog Breeds > Bernese Mountain Dog

Bernese Mountain Dog

Bernese Mountain Dog

Alternate NamesBern’s mountain dog, Dürrbächler, Bernese Mountain Dog
GroupPinschers, Schnauzers, Molosser and Swiss Mountain Dogs
SectionSwiss Alpine and Herder Dog

Bernese Mountain Dog Profile

Robust (Health)
Supports Loneliness
Need Exercise
Easy To Maintain
Easy to Train
Nice Child
Agreement with Animals
First Dog
Able to Guard

Physical Characteristics

The Bernese Mountain Dog is a medium to large size and well-proportioned dog. It is the one and only Swiss Mountain Dog with medium-length fur. Its head is short and massive, with dark eyes and a lively look. Its ears are in the form of a “V,” and fall on the sides of the skull. Its paws are strong, muscular, and perfectly plumb. The tail is naturally drooping and covered with long hair.

Fur: medium-length.

Color: black and tan with white spots on the chest, head, and paws.

Size: 64 to 70 cm for the males and 58 to 66 cm for the females

Weight: 50 to 60 kg for the males and 40 to 45 kg for the females

Origins and History

As with all molossers, its ancestor is the Tibetan Mastiff, which was adopted by Romans and spread throughout Europe by the Roman Empire. The Swiss Shepherd Dog was developed from this dog, and quickly came to be defined as a “rescue dog.” More recently, the development and spreading of the type has been slightly different depending on the geographical location.

Character and Abilities

All Swiss Cattle Dogs were grouped under that name for convenience. However, they were actually used in many different ways, from herding to guard dog to sled dog. Today, especially in their own country, they are also used as guide dogs and civil protection dogs. That is why they have been classified as utility dogs instead of being grouped with shepherd and other mountain dogs. They are quiet, never unnecessarily aggressive, and very friendly. If not a guard dog (a role that it particularly likes), the Bernese Mountain Dog is kind to everyone. It has a fairly limited predatory instinct and it is likely that Swiss farmers have only selected dogs that don’t attack chickens, cats, or rabbits.

Living Conditions

While the Bernese Mountain Dog can live in a house, it is ideal to have big open spaces where the dog can run. Its owner must be very present.


The Bernese Mountain Dog is an exceptionally strong and rustic dog.

Average life expectancy: about 10 years.

Information and Tips

Bernese Mountain Dog Articles


Super Helpful Bernese Mountain Dog Works Hard to Keep His Human in Tip-Top Shape

This dog knows that it’s very important to take the time to work out, and keep your body healthy. So, to make sure his human will always be there for him, he does what...

Giant Bernese Mountain Dog Becomes Giant Baby when Grandma Comes to Visit

Apparently, this happens any time grandma and grandpa come over for a visit. We’d come over a lot if we got a greeting like that, too!

Dog Goes Totally Gaga Over the Birthday Cake That’s Just for Her

Dogs are always happy to have a plate of food set down before them (unless it’s a plate full of raw celery and broccoli). But the expression on this dog’s face takes the cake...

Bernese Mountain Dog Photos

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