Dog Breeds > Bernese Mountain Dog
Bernese Mountain Dog
|Alternate Names||Bern’s mountain dog, Dürrbächler, Bernese Mountain Dog|
|Group||Pinschers, Schnauzers, Molosser and Swiss Mountain Dogs|
|Section||Swiss Alpine and Herder Dog|
Bernese Mountain Dog Profile
The Bernese Mountain Dog is a medium to large size and well-proportioned dog. It is the one and only Swiss Mountain Dog with medium-length fur. Its head is short and massive, with dark eyes and a lively look. Its ears are in the form of a “V,” and fall on the sides of the skull. Its paws are strong, muscular, and perfectly plumb. The tail is naturally drooping and covered with long hair.
Color: black and tan with white spots on the chest, head, and paws.
Size: 64 to 70 cm for the males and 58 to 66 cm for the females
Weight: 50 to 60 kg for the males and 40 to 45 kg for the females
Origins and History
As with all molossers, its ancestor is the Tibetan Mastiff, which was adopted by Romans and spread throughout Europe by the Roman Empire. The Swiss Shepherd Dog was developed from this dog, and quickly came to be defined as a “rescue dog.” More recently, the development and spreading of the type has been slightly different depending on the geographical location.
Character and Abilities
All Swiss Cattle Dogs were grouped under that name for convenience. However, they were actually used in many different ways, from herding to guard dog to sled dog. Today, especially in their own country, they are also used as guide dogs and civil protection dogs. That is why they have been classified as utility dogs instead of being grouped with shepherd and other mountain dogs. They are quiet, never unnecessarily aggressive, and very friendly. If not a guard dog (a role that it particularly likes), the Bernese Mountain Dog is kind to everyone. It has a fairly limited predatory instinct and it is likely that Swiss farmers have only selected dogs that don’t attack chickens, cats, or rabbits.